Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of archdischArchives of Disease in ChildhoodVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Arch Dis Child. 1991 October; 66(10 Spec No): 1130–1135.
PMCID: PMC1590289

Neonatal at risk screening and the identification of deafness.


From a cohort of 10,686 live births, 322 (3%) were identified as being at risk of a hearing impairment defined as moderate, or worse. These neonates were screened by measurement of auditory brainstem responses. The neonatal at risk screening programme was effective in terms of both yield and cost. The mean age at which hearing aids were fitted was 6 months in the children identified by the neonatal screen. Such a programme is both practicable and useful in a district general hospital. The yield from the neonatal programme was, however, only 43% of the total number of deaf children eventually identified from the cohort. The need to identify more deaf children by a sensitive infant distraction test screening programme remains.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Haggard MP. Hearing screening in children--state of the art(s) Arch Dis Child. 1990 Nov;65(11):1193–1195. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • McCormick B, Wood SA, Cope Y, Spavins FM. Analysis of records from an open-access audiology service. Br J Audiol. 1984 Aug;18(3):127–132. [PubMed]
  • Watkin PM. The age of identification of childhood deafness--improvements since the 1970s. Public Health. 1991 Jul;105(4):303–312. [PubMed]
  • Markides A. Age at fitting of hearing aids and speech intelligibility. Br J Audiol. 1986 May;20(2):165–167. [PubMed]
  • Mason S, McCormick B, Wood S. Auditory brainstem response in paediatric audiology. Arch Dis Child. 1988 May;63(5):465–467. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gerber SE. Review of a high risk register for congenital or early-onset deafness. Br J Audiol. 1990 Oct;24(5):347–356. [PubMed]
  • Alberti PW, Hyde ML, Riko K, Corbin H, Abramovich S. An evaluation of BERA for hearing screening in high-risk neonates. Laryngoscope. 1983 Sep;93(9):1115–1121. [PubMed]
  • Galambos R, Hicks GE, Wilson MJ. The auditory brain stem response reliably predicts hearing loss in graduates of a tertiary intensive care nursery. Ear Hear. 1984 Jul-Aug;5(4):254–260. [PubMed]
  • Stevens JC, Webb HD, Hutchinson J, Connell J, Smith MF, Buffin JT. Click evoked otoacoustic emissions compared with brain stem electric response. Arch Dis Child. 1989 Aug;64(8):1105–1111. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Scanlon PE, Bamford JM. Early identification of hearing loss: screening and surveillance methods. Arch Dis Child. 1990 May;65(5):479–485. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Mason SM, Adams W. An automated microcomputer based electric response audiometry system for machine scoring of auditory evoked potentials. Clin Phys Physiol Meas. 1984 Aug;5(3):219–222. [PubMed]
  • Bradford BC, Baudin J, Conway MJ, Hazell JW, Stewart AL, Reynolds EO. Identification of sensory neural hearing loss in very preterm infants by brainstem auditory evoked potentials. Arch Dis Child. 1985 Feb;60(2):105–109. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Watkin PM, Baldwin M, Laoide S. Parental suspicion and identification of hearing impairment. Arch Dis Child. 1990 Aug;65(8):846–850. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Archives of Disease in Childhood are provided here courtesy of BMJ Publishing Group