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Public Health Rep. 1990 May-Jun; 105(3): 245–252.
PMCID: PMC1579998

Mass media approaches to reducing cardiovascular disease risk.


A key function of a basic and clinical biomedical research organization is to communicate the findings of clinical investigations so that people may apply the results to improve their health and well-being. To help communicate results from cardiovascular disease research, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has established a series of national health education programs. The authors describe a model for two of the five programs and discuss the role of communication media in supporting national goals for education programs. The research basis for the programs is reviewed, together with the process by which the Institute develops information materials for mass media, notably public service announcements. A description of two national health education campaigns, hypertension and cholesterol, illustrates how market research is used to identify appropriate target audiences, develop messages, and select channels of communication. Lessons learned about the role of mass media in a national health education campaign are summarized.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Cleeman JI. The National Cholesterol Education Program. Clin Lab Med. 1989 Mar;9(1):7–15. [PubMed]
  • Schucker B, Bailey K, Heimbach JT, Mattson ME, Wittes JT, Haines CM, Gordon DJ, Cutler JA, Keating VS, Goor RS, et al. Change in public perspective on cholesterol and heart disease. Results from two national surveys. JAMA. 1987 Dec 25;258(24):3527–3531. [PubMed]
  • Sempos C, Fulwood R, Haines C, Carroll M, Anda R, Williamson DF, Remington P, Cleeman J. The prevalence of high blood cholesterol levels among adults in the United States. JAMA. 1989 Jul 7;262(1):45–52. [PubMed]
  • Roccella EJ, Bowler AE, Ames MV, Horan MJ. Hypertension knowledge, attitudes, and behavior: 1985 NHIS findings. Public Health Rep. 1986 Nov-Dec;101(6):599–606. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Public Health Reports are provided here courtesy of SAGE Publications