summarizes past-month use of cigarettes, cigars, marijuana, blunts, and bidis by demographic characteristics. For all products, age was positively associated with past-month prevalence. However, patterns of use by gender and race/ethnicity varied by products. Overall, cigarettes were the most commonly used product (13.0%). White youths (15.1%) reported the highest rate of past-month cigarette use, while black youths had significantly lower rates of past-month cigarette use (6.2%) than both their white and Hispanic counterparts (10.6%). Males (6.1%) were significantly more likely to report past-month cigar use than females (2.7%) and white youths (5.2%) reported the highest rate of past-month cigar use. The overall prevalence of past-month marijuana use (8.0%) was significantly higher than past-month use of cigars, blunts, or bidis. Black youths reported significantly lower rates of past-month marijuana use (5.8%) than white youths (8.6%). Blunt use was significantly higher for males (5.2%) than females (3.8%), and was higher for black youths (5.8%) compared to white and Hispanic youths. The overall prevalence of past-month bidi use was low (1.0%), with little variation by demographic characteristics.
Past-month use of cigarettes, cigars, marijuana, blunts, and bidis by gender, age, and race/ethnicity, 2001 NHSDA
Because the past-month prevalence of bidi use was low, we reported on lifetime (i.e., ever) and past-year use () to further explore use by demographic characteristics. Overall, 4.4% of youths reported ever trying bidis and 1.8% reported use in the past year. Lifetime, past-year, and past-month use of bidis were higher for males than females. Not surprisingly, 16- to 17-year-olds reported the highest rate of ever and past-year bidi use but they did not differ from 14- to 15-year-olds with respect to past-month use.
Prevalence of lifetime, past-year, and past-month bidi use by gender, age, and race/ethnicity, 2001 NHSDA
As shown in , the prevalence of bidi use is considerably higher for those youths reporting use of other products in the past month compared to youths who do not use cigarettes, cigars, marijuana, or blunts. A strong association was noted for two specific products: past-month users of marijuana and blunts had 10.5 and 11.5 times, respectively, greater odds of reporting past-month bidi use relative to non-users of these products.
Prevalence and odds of past-month bidi use by product among youths, 2001 NHSDA
shows the adjusted odd ratios for past-month bidi use by past-month cigarette, cigar, marijuana, and blunt use, controlling for gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Overall, significantly higher odds were noted for cigarettes, cigars, marijuana use, blunt use, and male gender. The greatest odds for past-month bidi use was cigarette use (AOR54.4). However, the strength of the associations varied based on race/ethnicity. Among white youths, the greatest odds for past-month bidi use were associated with cigarette use (AOR53.9); other significant associations included marijuana use and gender. Among black youths, the greatest odds for past-month bidi use were associated with blunting (AOR59.5); other significant associations were cigarette use and male gender. In fact, the association of male gender and bidi use is greatest among black youths (AOR53.1). Among Hispanic youths, the only significant association with past-month bidi use was cigar use (AOR54.0). Also, in contrast to white and black youths, gender was not significantly associated with bidi use among Hispanic youths.
Prevalence and adjusted odds ratio of past-month bidi use among youths by use of other products and demographic characteristics, 2001 NHSDA