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Logo of procrsmedFormerly medchtJournal of the Royal Society of MedicineProceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
 
Proc R Soc Med. 1977 November; 70(11): 807–815.
PMCID: PMC1543464

Development of the middle and external ear in man.

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Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (3.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Andersen H, Matthiessen ME, Jorgensen MB. The growth of the otic cavities in the human foetus. Acta Otolaryngol. 1969 Sep;68(3):243–249. [PubMed]
  • ANSON BJ, BAST TH, RICHANY SF. The fetal and early postnatal development of the tympanic ring and related structures in man. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1955 Sep;64(3):802–823. [PubMed]
  • Bergstrom L, Hemenway WG, Sando I. Pathological changes in congenital deafness. Laryngoscope. 1972 Oct;82(10):1777–1792. [PubMed]
  • Bergstrom L, Stewart JM, Kenyon B. External auditory atresia and the deleted chromosome. Laryngoscope. 1974 Nov;84(11):1905–1917. [PubMed]
  • CAWTHORNE T. CONGENITAL CHOLESTEATOMA. Arch Otolaryngol. 1963 Sep;78:248–252. [PubMed]
  • Dass R, Makhni SS. Ossification of ear ossicles. The stapes. Arch Otolaryngol. 1966 Sep;84(3):306–312. [PubMed]
  • Davies DG. Persistent stapedial artery: a temporal bone report. J Laryngol Otol. 1967 Jun;81(6):649–660. [PubMed]
  • Friedmann I. The chick embryo otocyst in tissue culture: a model ear. J Laryngol Otol. 1968 Mar;82(3):185–201. [PubMed]
  • Glasgold AI, Horrigan WD. The internal carotid artery presenting as middle ear tumor. Laryngoscope. 1972 Dec;82(12):2217–2221. [PubMed]
  • Guggenheim P. Mesenchyme in the middle ear. Laryngoscope. 1971 Oct;81(10):1665–1670. [PubMed]
  • Harrington JW, Jr, Birck HG. Recurrent meningitis due to congenital petrous fistula. A case report. Arch Otolaryngol. 1967 May;85(5):572–575. [PubMed]
  • Hentzer E. Ultrastructure of the human tympanic membrane. Acta Otolaryngol. 1969 Nov;68(5):376–390. [PubMed]
  • HOUGH JV. CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS OF THE MIDDLE EAR. Arch Otolaryngol. 1963 Sep;78:335–343. [PubMed]
  • Wood-Jones F, I-Chuan W. The Development of the External Ear. J Anat. 1934 Jul;68(Pt 4):525–533. [PubMed]
  • Kanagasuntheram R. A note on the development of the tubotympanic recess in the human embryo. J Anat. 1967 Sep;101(Pt 4):731–741. [PubMed]
  • Kawabata I, Paparella MM. Ultrastructure of normal human middle ear mucosa. Preliminary report. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1969 Feb;78(1):125–137. [PubMed]
  • Lim DJ. Human tympanic membrane. An ultrastructural observation. Acta Otolaryngol. 1970 Sep;70(3):176–186. [PubMed]
  • Livingstone G, Delahunty J. Malformation of the ear associated with congenital ophthalmic and other conditions. J Laryngol Otol. 1968 Jun;82(6):495–504. [PubMed]
  • Morgon A, Charachon D, Bringuier N. Oreille et pathologie de la grossesse. (Prophylaxie et traitement). a) Surdités par malformations congénitales acquises des trois premiers mois. b) Surdités acquises après le quatrième mois par maladies du foetus. Minerva Otorinolaringol. 1970 Sep-Oct;20(5):166–179. [PubMed]
  • Nakamura S, Sando I. Congenital absence of the oval window. Arch Otolaryngol. 1966 Aug;84(2):131–136. [PubMed]
  • O'RAHILLY R. THE EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF THE OTIC VESICLE IN STAGED HUMAN EMBRYOS. J Embryol Exp Morphol. 1963 Dec;11:741–755. [PubMed]
  • Pou JW. Congenital anomalies of the middle ear: presentation of two cases. Laryngoscope. 1971 Jun;81(6):831–839. [PubMed]
  • Rhoton AL, Jr, Pulec JL, Hall GM, Boyd AS., Jr Absence of bone over the geniculate ganglion. J Neurosurg. 1968 Jan;28(1):48–53. [PubMed]
  • Wilson TG. The otolaryngological hazards of the perinatal period. Proc R Soc Med. 1967 Apr;60(4):407–414. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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