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Arch Dis Child. 1995 September; 73(3): 249–251.
PMCID: PMC1511270

Trichothiodystrophy with sideroblastic anaemia and developmental delay.


A patient with sideroblastic anaemia, development delay, and trichothiodystrophy is presented. Trichothiodystrophy is a feature of several autosomal recessive diseases. Photosensitivity, failure to thrive, and developmental delay are commonly observed in affected cases. X linked inheritance accounts for the bulk of cases with sideroblastic anaemia. This case highlights the importance of routine hair microscopy in cases of atypical ectodermal dysplasia.

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Selected References

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  • Cotter PD, Baumann M, Bishop DF. Enzymatic defect in "X-linked" sideroblastic anemia: molecular evidence for erythroid delta-aminolevulinate synthase deficiency. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 May 1;89(9):4028–4032. [PubMed]
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