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Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1982 May 8; 284(6326): 1370–1371.
PMCID: PMC1498245

Prevention of pressure sores by identifying patients at risk.


The risk of pressure sores developing in patients admitted with acute conditions was assessed by a simple risk score system based on age, reduced mobility, incontinence, pronounced emaciation, redness over bony prominences, unconsciousness, dehydration, and paralysis in a prospective clinical study. During seven months in 1977, 600 of 3571 patients were classified as at risk. Of these 35 (5.8%) developed sores compared with five (0.2%) of those not at risk. The results of this study compared with those over the same period in 1976 show that close observation of at-risk patients and early detection of pressure sores prevents their development.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Petersen NC, Bittmann S. The epidemiology of pressure sores. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg. 1971;5(1):62–66. [PubMed]
  • Barbenel JC, Jordan MM, Nicol SM, Clark MO. Incidence of pressure-sores in the Greater Glasgow Health Board area. Lancet. 1977 Sep 10;2(8037):548–550. [PubMed]
  • Abildgaard AU, Daugaard K. Tryksår. En praevalensundersøgelse. Ugeskr Laeger. 1979 Nov 12;141(46):3147–3151. [PubMed]
  • Coughlin L, Templeton J. Hip fractures in patients with Parkinson's disease. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1980 May;(148):192–195. [PubMed]
  • Parish LC, Smith G, Collins E. Decubitus ulcers and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Lancet. 1978 Mar 25;1(8065):658–659. [PubMed]
  • Manley MT. Incidence, contributory factors and costs of pressure sores. S Afr Med J. 1978 Feb 11;53(6):217–222. [PubMed]
  • Bliss MR, McLaren R, Exton-Smith AN. Preventing pressure sores in hospital: controlled trial of a large-celled ripple mattress. Br Med J. 1967 Feb 18;1(5537):394–397. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Newman P, Davis NH. Thermography as a predictor of sacral pressure sores. Age Ageing. 1981 Feb;10(1):14–18. [PubMed]

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