PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of pubhealthrepPublic Health Reports
 
Public Health Rep. 2005 Mar-Apr; 120(2): 117–123.
PMCID: PMC1497706

Vitamin or supplement use among adults, behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 13 states, 2001.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The authors examined vitamin/supplement (V/S) use and its relationship to sociodemographics, health behaviors, and health conditions among adults in 13 states. METHODS: This investigation used 2001 data from a cross-sectional study of non-institutionalized adults aged > or = 18 years, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. RESULTS: Of 45,415 respondents with complete data (18,723 males and 26,692 females), 56.5% (n=5,652) reported current V/S use. After adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education, the authors found a statistically significant association between V/S use and positive health risk behavior (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=1.46; p<0.001). Also, WS use was found to increase with age (p<0.001). No association was found between V/S use and the absence of specific chronic disease conditions (adjusted OR=0.93; p=0.052). CONCLUSIONS: People who used V/S in the states surveyed were more likely to demonstrate positive health risk behaviors than those who did not report V/S use. Thus it appears that individuals who are most likely to use V/S are least likely to need V/S. It is crucial that individuals report quantity and frequency of V/S use when providing medical or diet histories to health care providers.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (81K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Blendon RJ, DesRoches CM, Benson JM, Brodie M, Altman DE. Americans' views on the use and regulation of dietary supplements. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Mar 26;161(6):805–810. [PubMed]
  • Slesinski MJ, Subar AF, Kahle LL. Trends in use of vitamin and mineral supplements in the United State: the 1987 and 1992 National Health Interview Surveys. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995 Aug;95(8):921–923. [PubMed]
  • Weber P, Bendich A, Machlin LJ. Vitamin E and human health: rationale for determining recommended intake levels. Nutrition. 1997 May;13(5):450–460. [PubMed]
  • Carr AC, Frei B. Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Jun;69(6):1086–1107. [PubMed]
  • Stephens NG, Parsons A, Schofield PM, Kelly F, Cheeseman K, Mitchinson MJ. Randomised controlled trial of vitamin E in patients with coronary disease: Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study (CHAOS) Lancet. 1996 Mar 23;347(9004):781–786. [PubMed]
  • Dawson-Hughes B. Vitamin D and calcium: recommended intake for bone health. Osteoporos Int. 1998;8 (Suppl 2):S30–S34. [PubMed]
  • Tripp F. The use of dietary supplements in the elderly: current issues and recommendations. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997 Oct;97(10 Suppl 2):S181–S183. [PubMed]
  • Fairfield Kathleen M, Fletcher Robert H. Vitamins for chronic disease prevention in adults: scientific review. JAMA. 2002 Jun 19;287(23):3116–3126. [PubMed]
  • Bender MM, Levy AS, Schucker RE, Yetley EA. Trends in prevalence and magnitude of vitamin and mineral supplement usage and correlation with health status. J Am Diet Assoc. 1992 Sep;92(9):1096–1101. [PubMed]
  • Koplan JP, Annest JL, Layde PM, Rubin GL. Nutrient intake and supplementation in the United States (NHANES II). Am J Public Health. 1986 Mar;76(3):287–289. [PubMed]
  • Levy AS, Schucker RE. Patterns of nutrient intake among dietary supplement users: attitudinal and behavioral correlates. J Am Diet Assoc. 1987 Jun;87(6):754–760. [PubMed]
  • Stewart ML, McDonald JT, Levy AS, Schucker RE, Henderson DP. Vitamin/mineral supplement use: a telephone survey of adults in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc. 1985 Dec;85(12):1585–1590. [PubMed]
  • Subar AF, Block G. Use of vitamin and mineral supplements: demographics and amounts of nutrients consumed. The 1987 Health Interview Survey. Am J Epidemiol. 1990 Dec;132(6):1091–1101. [PubMed]
  • Remington PL, Smith MY, Williamson DF, Anda RF, Gentry EM, Hogelin GC. Design, characteristics, and usefulness of state-based behavioral risk factor surveillance: 1981-87. Public Health Rep. 1988 Jul-Aug;103(4):366–375. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lyle BJ, Mares-Perlman JA, Klein BE, Klein R, Greger JL. Supplement users differ from nonusers in demographic, lifestyle, dietary and health characteristics. J Nutr. 1998 Dec;128(12):2355–2362. [PubMed]
  • Thurman JE, Mooradian AD. Vitamin supplementation therapy in the elderly. Drugs Aging. 1997 Dec;11(6):433–449. [PubMed]
  • Jylhä M. Ten-year change in the use of medical drugs among the elderly--a longitudinal study and cohort comparison. J Clin Epidemiol. 1994 Jan;47(1):69–79. [PubMed]
  • Haskell WL, Kiernan M. Methodologic issues in measuring physical activity and physical fitness when evaluating the role of dietary supplements for physically active people. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Aug;72(2 Suppl):541S–550S. [PubMed]
  • Block G, Cox C, Madans J, Schreiber GB, Licitra L, Melia N. Vitamin supplement use, by demographic characteristics. Am J Epidemiol. 1988 Feb;127(2):297–309. [PubMed]

Articles from Public Health Reports are provided here courtesy of SAGE Publications