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An air–enflurane mixture was used for inhalation analgesia in conscious patients undergoing painful procedures such as burns dressings. A preliminary study indicated that enflurane possessed definite analgesic properties, but that the concentration of the air–enflurane mixture was critical if restlessness was to be avoided and cooperation retained. Further studies established that 1% enflurane in air provided good analgesia in the absence of anaesthesia. The analgesic effects were similar to those produced by 0.35% methoxyflurane in air, but were produced in a much shorter time (about 3 minutes compared with 9 to 10 minutes). Preoperative starvation was unnecessary and nausea and vomiting were absent. Details are given of the use of enflurane analgesia in 32 conscious burned patients who underwent 101 burns dressing procedures.