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J R Soc Med. 1984 August; 77(8): 645–647.
PMCID: PMC1440071

Operative cholangiography--techniques and inadequacies.


The effectiveness of three methods of operative cholangiography in outlining biliary anatomy was assessed in 60 patients undergoing routine cholecystectomy for gallbladder calculi. X-rays were scored according to bile duct visualization and an overall score calculated. There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups. However, ductal opacification was inadequate in a majority of patients. It is suggested that closer cooperation with the radiologist and more emphasis on technique are required if cholangiography is used to identify unsuspected calculi.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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  • Dyck WP, Janowitz HD. Effect of glucagon on hepatic bile secretion in man. Gastroenterology. 1971 Mar;60(3):400–404. [PubMed]
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