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J R Soc Med. 1984 June; 77(6): 478–482.
PMCID: PMC1439812

Bacteriological and crystallographical analysis of urinary calculi: aid to patient management.

Abstract

In an analysis, by both crystallographic and microbiological methods, of 50 urinary calculi recently removed by surgical operation, 33 proved to be of metabolic origin (mostly calcium oxalate and some uric acid or urate) and 17 of 'infective' origin (struvite, apatite or a mixture of the two). Metabolic stones were usually bacteriologically sterile or contained only small numbers (less than 10(3)/g of stone) of bacteria which did not produce urease, while infective stones always contained urease-producing organisms, usually Proteus mirabilis, in large numbers (greater than 10(5)/g). The combined approach of stone analysis by crystallography and microbiological culture yields more information than conventional techniques on which to base the treatment of urinary calculi and the prevention of their recurrence.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press