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J R Soc Med. 1983 August; 76(8): 649–651.
PMCID: PMC1439281

Exocrine and endocrine testicular function in patients with unilateral testicular disease.


Amongst 30 patients who had undergone untwisting and fixation for unilateral torsion of the testis, seminal analyses were normal in 15, equivocal in 3 and pathological in 12; and of 46 men with cryptorchidism who had had unilateral orchidopexy, seminal analyses were normal in 13, equivocal in 23 and pathological in 10. Follicle-stimulating hormone levels were found to be elevated in those with equivocal and pathological seminal analyses in both groups. Assessment of testicular function before orchidectomy in 36 patients with seminomas and non-seminomatous testicular tumours revealed only one (with a HCG-negative seminoma) with a normal seminal analysis. Men with HCG-positive testicular tumours were found to have decreased follicle-stimulating hormone levels and elevated 17-beta-oestradiol and prolactin levels.

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Selected References

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  • Bartsch G, Frank S, Marberger H, Mikuz G. Testicular torsion: late results with special regard to fertility and endocrine function. J Urol. 1980 Sep;124(3):375–378. [PubMed]
  • Cochran JS, Walsh PC, Porter JC, Nicholson TC, Madden JD, Peters PC. The endocrinology of human chorionic gonadotropin-secreting testicular tumors: new methods in diagnosis. J Urol. 1975 Oct;114(4):549–555. [PubMed]
  • Krarup T. The testes after torsion. Br J Urol. 1978 Feb;50(1):43–46. [PubMed]
  • Lipshultz LI, Caminos-Torres R, Greenspan CS, Snyder PJ. Testicular function after orchiopexy for unilaterally undescended testis. N Engl J Med. 1976 Jul 1;295(1):15–18. [PubMed]
  • Ludwig G, Potempa J. Der optimale Zeitpunkt der Behandlung des Kryptorchismus. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1975 Mar 28;100(13):680–683. [PubMed]
  • Madersbacher H, Kövesdi S, Frick J. Zur Fertilität beim einseitigen Kryptorchismus. Urologe A. 1972 Jul;11(4):210–212. [PubMed]
  • SCOTT LS. Fertility in cryptorchidism. Proc R Soc Med. 1962 Dec;55:1047–1050. [PubMed]

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