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J R Soc Med. 1983 April; 76(4): 266–268.
PMCID: PMC1438982

Fibre endoscopic insertion of palliative oesophageal tubes with the Nottingham introducer.


Using the Nottingham introducer and diazepam sedation, 93 of 100 patients with oesophagogastric malignancy have been successfully intubated, 67 with Celestin tubes and 26 with Atkinson tubes. Their mean age was 72 years (range 36-91). Six of the failures were in patients with fundal adenocarcinoma. Sixty-nine patients were discharged from hospital after initial intubation (74%). Nine patients developed a perforation, 6 died and there were 5 deaths from aspiration. Nine patients are alive up to 11 months later. The mean survival after discharge was four months with a maximum of 18 months. Later 11 tubes obstructed and 12 Celestin tubes displaced upward. Endoscopic insertion of oesophageal prosthetic tubes provides satisfactory palliation for inoperable oesophagogastric malignancy. The development of the Atkinson tube with a distal flange has eliminated tube displacement upwards.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Atkinson M, Ferguson R. Fibreoptic endoscopic palliative intubation of inoperable oesophagogastric neoplasms. Br Med J. 1977 Jan 29;1(6056):266–267. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • MILLER C. Carcinoma of thoracic oesophagus and cardia. A review of 405 cases. Br J Surg. 1962 Mar;49:507–522. [PubMed]
  • Price JD, Stanciu C, Bennett JR. A safer method of dilating oesophageal strictures. Lancet. 1974 Jun 8;1(7867):1141–1142. [PubMed]
  • Saunders NR. The Celestin tube in the palliation of carcinoma of the oesophagus and cardia. Br J Surg. 1979 Jun;66(6):419–421. [PubMed]

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