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J R Soc Med. 1980 February; 73(2): 134–138.
PMCID: PMC1437317

Management of hyperosmolar coma.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Abramson E, Arky R. Diabetic acidosis with initial hypokalemia. Therapeutic implications. JAMA. 1966 May 2;196(5):401–403. [PubMed]
  • Alberti KG, Hockaday TD. Diabetic coma: a reappraisal after five years. Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1977 Jul;6(2):421–455. [PubMed]
  • Alberti KG, Nattrass M. Severe diabetic ketoacidosis. Med Clin North Am. 1978 Jul;62(4):799–814. [PubMed]
  • Arieff AI, Carroll HJ. Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma with hyperglycemia: clinical features, pathophysiology, renal function, acid-base balance, plasma-cerebrospinal fluid equilibria and the effects of therapy in 37 cases. Medicine (Baltimore) 1972 Mar;51(2):73–94. [PubMed]
  • Arieff AI, Kleeman CR. Cerebral edema in diabetic comas. II. Effects of hyperosmolality, hyperglycemia and insulin in diabetic rabbits. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1974 Jun;38(6):1057–1067. [PubMed]
  • Clements RS, Jr, Blumenthal SA, Morrison AD, Winegrad AI. Increased cerebrospinal-fluid pressure during treatment of diabetic ketosis. Lancet. 1971 Sep 25;2(7726):671–675. [PubMed]
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  • Fernandez JP, McGinn JT, Hoffman RS. Cerebral edema from blood-brain glucose differences complicating peritoneal dialysis. Second membrane syndrome. N Y State J Med. 1968 Mar 1;68(5):677–680. [PubMed]
  • Foster DW. Insulin deficiency and hyperosmolar coma. Adv Intern Med. 1974;19:159–173. [PubMed]
  • Gerich JE, Martin MM, Recant L. Clinical and metabolic characteristics of hyperosmolar nonketotic coma. Diabetes. 1971 Apr;20(4):228–238. [PubMed]
  • Gordon EE, Kabadi UM. The hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome. Am J Med Sci. 1976 May-Jun;271(3):252–268. [PubMed]
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  • Halmos PB, Nelson JK, Lowry RC. Hyperosmolar non-ketoacidotic coma in diabetes. Lancet. 1966 Mar 26;1(7439):675–679. [PubMed]
  • Keller U, Berger W, Ritz R, Truog P. Course and prognosis of 86 episodes of diabetic coma. A five year experience with a uniform schedule of treatment. Diabetologia. 1975 Apr;11(2):93–100. [PubMed]
  • Kitabchi AE, Ayyagari V, Guerra SM. The efficacy of low-dose versus conventional therapy of insulin for treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. Ann Intern Med. 1976 Jun;84(6):633–638. [PubMed]
  • Loeb JN. The hyperosmolar state. N Engl J Med. 1974 May 23;290(21):1184–1187. [PubMed]
  • Maccario M, Messis CP. Cerebral oedema complicating treated non-ketotic hyperglycaemia. Lancet. 1969 Aug 16;2(7616):352–353. [PubMed]
  • McCurdy DK. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic diabetic coma. Med Clin North Am. 1970 May;54(3):683–699. [PubMed]
  • Podolsky S. Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma in the elderly diabetic. Med Clin North Am. 1978 Jul;62(4):815–828. [PubMed]
  • Pyke DA. Diabetic ketosis and coma. J Clin Pathol Suppl (Assoc Clin Pathol) 1969;2:57–65. [PMC free article]
  • SAMENT S, SCHWARTZ MB. Severe diabetic stupor without ketosis. S Afr Med J. 1957 Sep 7;31(36):893–894. [PubMed]
  • Tomkins AM, Dormandy TL. Osmolal pattern during recovery from diabetic coma. Lancet. 1971 Oct 30;2(7731):952–955. [PubMed]
  • Watkins PJ, Soler NG, Fitzgerald MG, Malins JM. Diabetic ketoacidosis during the influenza epidemic. Br Med J. 1970 Oct 10;4(5727):89–91. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Whelton MJ, Walde D, Havard CW. Hyperosmolar non-ketotic diabetic coma: with particular reference to vascular complications. Br Med J. 1971 Jan 9;1(5740):85–86. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Young E, Bradley RF. Cerebral edema with irreversible coma in severe diabetic ketoacidosis. N Engl J Med. 1967 Mar 23;276(12):665–669. [PubMed]

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