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J R Soc Med. 1982 February; 75(2): 129–131.
PMCID: PMC1437275

What was wrong with Anna O?


The case of Fräulein Anna O (Bertha Pappenheim) was the first detailed by Breuer and Freud in 'Studien über Hysteria' (1895). The case history is examined and an organic causation postulated. The fallacies of psychogenesis and of hysteria as a disease are mentioned. Breuer's claim of cure by the cathartic method appears unfounded.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Hollender MH. The case of Anna O.: a reformulation. Am J Psychiatry. 1980 Jul;137(7):797–800. [PubMed]
  • SLATER E. DIAGNOSIS OF "HYSTERIA". Br Med J. 1965 May 29;1(5447):1395–1399. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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