Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jrsocmedLink to Publisher's site
J R Soc Med. 1982 February; 75(2): 111–113.
PMCID: PMC1437263

Clinical significance of recent inversion of the nipple: a reappraisal.


In a retrospective survey of 63 cases of inverted nipple, unaccompanied by a palpable mass, 3 histologically confirmed carcinomas were found on combined clinical and mammographic examination - an incidence of 5%. No carcinoma was found in those patients under 50 years of age. The problem of the false negative mammogram is discussed.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (380K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • FRANTZ VK, PICKREN JW, MELCHER GW, AUCHINCLOSS H., Jr Indicence of chronic cystic disease in so-called "normal breasts; a study based on 225 postmortem examinations. Cancer. 1951 Jul;4(4):762–783. [PubMed]
  • HAAGENSEN CD. Mammary-duct ectasia; a disease that may simulate carcinoma. Cancer. 1951 Jul;4(4):749–761. [PubMed]
  • Niloff PH, Sheiner NM. False-negative mammograms in patients with breast cancer. Can J Surg. 1981 Jan;24(1):50–52. [PubMed]
  • Rees BI, Gravelle IH, Hughes LE. Nipple retraction in duct ectasia. Br J Surg. 1977 Aug;64(8):577–580. [PubMed]
  • Shapiro S, Strax P, Venet L, Venet W. Proceedings: Changes in 5-year breast cancer mortality in a breast cancer screening program. Proc Natl Cancer Conf. 1972;7:663–678. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press