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J R Soc Med. 1979 November; 72(11): 835–841.
PMCID: PMC1437134

Steroid endocrinology after the menopause: a review.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Anderson AB, Sklovsky E, Sayers L, Steele PA, Turnbull AC. Comparison of serum oestrogen concentrations in post-menopausal women taking oestrone sulphate and oestradiol. Br Med J. 1978 Jan 21;1(6106):140–142. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Baird DT, Horton R, Longcope C, Tait JF. Steroid dynamics under steady-state conditions. Recent Prog Horm Res. 1969;25:611–664. [PubMed]
  • Baird DT, Uno A, Melby JC. Adrenal secretion of androgens and oestrogens. J Endocrinol. 1969 Sep;45(1):135–136. [PubMed]
  • BROWN JB, FALCONER CW, STRONG JA. Urinary oestrogens of adrenal origin in women with breast cancer. J Endocrinol. 1959 Oct;19:52–63. [PubMed]
  • Grodin JM, Siiteri PK, MacDonald PC. Source of estrogen production in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1973 Feb;36(2):207–214. [PubMed]
  • Hembree WC, Bardin CW, Lipsett MB. A study of estrogen metabolic clearance rates and transfer factors. J Clin Invest. 1969 Oct;48(10):1809–1819. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hutton JD, Jacobs HS, Murray MA, James VH. Relation between plasma oestrone and oestradiol and climacteric symptoms. Lancet. 1978 Apr 1;1(8066):678–681. [PubMed]
  • Hutton JD, Murray MA, Goodall A, Jacobs HS, James VH. The role of the adrenal cortex in oestrogen production in postmenopausal women [proceedings]. J Endocrinol. 1977 Dec;75(3):18P–19P. [PubMed]
  • Judd HL, Judd GE, Lucas WE, Yen SS. Endocrine function of the postmenopausal ovary: concentration of androgens and estrogens in ovarian and peripheral vein blood. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1974 Dec;39(6):1020–1024. [PubMed]
  • Longcope C, Tait JF. Validity of metabolic clearance and interconversion rates of estrone and 17-beta-estradiol in normal adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1971 Apr;32(4):481–490. [PubMed]
  • Longcope C, Kato T, Horton R. Conversion of blood androgens to estrogens in normal adult men and women. J Clin Invest. 1969 Dec;48(12):2191–2201. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • MacDonald PC, Rombaut RP, Siiteri PK. Plasma precursors of estrogen. I. Extent of conversion of plasma delta-4-androstenedione to estrone in normal males and nonpregnant normal, castrate and adrenalectomized females. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1967 Aug;27(8):1103–1111. [PubMed]
  • Mulley G, Mitchell JR. Menopausal flushing: does oestrogen therapy make sense? Lancet. 1976 Jun 26;1(7974):1397–1399. [PubMed]
  • Pearlman WH, De Hertogh R, Laumas KR, Pearlman MR. Metabolism and tissue uptake of estrogen in women with advanced carcinoma of the breast. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1969 May;29(5):707–720. [PubMed]
  • Poortman J, Thijssen JH, Schwarz F. Androgen production and conversion to estrogens in normal postmenopausal women and in selected breast cancer patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1973 Jul;37(1):101–109. [PubMed]
  • Rigg LA, Hermann H, Yen SS. Absorption of estrogens from vaginal creams. N Engl J Med. 1978 Jan 26;298(4):195–197. [PubMed]
  • Schindler AE, Ebert A, Friedrich E. Conversion of androstenedione to estrone by human tissue. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1972 Oct;35(4):627–630. [PubMed]
  • Smuk M, Schwers J. Aromatization of androstenedione by human adult liver in vitro. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1977 Nov;45(5):1009–1012. [PubMed]
  • Tunbridge D, Rippon AE, James VH. Proceedings: Circadian relationships of plasma androgen and cortisol levels. J Endocrinol. 1973 Nov;59(2):xxi–xxi. [PubMed]
  • Utian WH. The true clincal features of postmenopause and oöphorectomy, and their response to oestrogen therapy. S Afr Med J. 1972 Jun 3;46(23):732–737. [PubMed]
  • Vermeulen A. The hormonal activity of the postmenopausal ovary. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1976 Feb;42(2):247–253. [PubMed]
  • WEST CD, DAMAST BL, SARRO SD, PEARSON OH. Conversion of testosterone to estrogens in castrated, adrenalectomized human females. J Biol Chem. 1956 Jan;218(1):409–418. [PubMed]

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