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J R Soc Med. 1979 September; 72(9): 683–688.
PMCID: PMC1436974

Evolution of the vertebrate immune system.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Borysenko M. Cellular aspects of humoral immune responsiveness in Chelydra. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1975;64:277–291. [PubMed]
  • Charlemagne J, Tournefier A. Cell surface immunoglobulins of thymus and spleen lymphocytes in urodele amphibian Pleurodeles waltlii (Salamandridae). Adv Exp Med Biol. 1975;64:251–255. [PubMed]
  • Clark JC, Newth DR. Immunological activity of transplanted spleens in Xenopus laevis. Experientia. 1972 Aug 15;28(8):951–953. [PubMed]
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  • Du Pasquier L, Wabl MR. The ontogenesis of lymphocyte diversity in anuran amphibians. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1977;41(Pt 2):771–779. [PubMed]
  • Du Pasquier L, Weiss N. The thymus during the ontogeny of the toad Xenopus laevis: growth, membrane-bound immunoglobulins and mixed lymphocyte reaction. Eur J Immunol. 1973 Dec;3(12):773–777. [PubMed]
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  • Etlinger HM, Hodgins HO, Chiller JM. Evolution of the lymphoid system. I. Evidence for lymphocyte heterogeneity in rainbow trout revealed by the organ distribution of mitogenic responses. J Immunol. 1976 Jun;116(6):1547–1553. [PubMed]
  • Goldstine SN, Collins NH, Cohen N. Mitogens as probes of lymphocyte heterogeneity in anuran amphibians. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1975;64:343–351. [PubMed]
  • Hildemann WH, Raison RL, Cheung G, Hull CJ, Akaka L, Okamoto J. Immunological specificity and memory in a scleractinian coral. Nature. 1977 Nov 17;270(5634):219–223. [PubMed]
  • Horton JD. Ontogeny of the immune response to skin allografts in relation to lymphoid organ development in the amphibian Xenopus laevis Daudin. J Exp Zool. 1969 Apr;170(4):449–465. [PubMed]
  • Horton JD, Manning MJ. Effect of early thymectomy on the cellular changes occuring in the spleen of the clawed toad following administration of soluble antigen. Immunology. 1974 Apr;26(4):797–807. [PubMed]
  • Jurd RD, Stevenson GT. Surface immunoglobulins on Xenopus laevis lymphocytes. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 1976;53(4):381–387. [PubMed]
  • Karp RD, Hildemann WH. Specific allograft reactivity in the sea star Dermasterias imbricata. Transplantation. 1976 Nov;22(5):434–439. [PubMed]
  • Marchalonis JJ, Germain RN. Tolerance to a protein antigen in a poikilotherm, the marine toad Bufo marinus. Nature. 1971 Jun 4;231(5301):321–322. [PubMed]
  • Mitchell J. Lymphocyte circulation in the spleen. Marginal zone bridging channels and their possible role in cell traffic. Immunology. 1973 Jan;24(1):93–107. [PubMed]
  • Ruben LN, Van der Hoven A, Dutton RW. Cellular cooperation in hapten-carrier responses in the newt, Triturus viridescens. Cell Immunol. 1973 Feb;6(2):300–314. [PubMed]
  • Ruben LN, Warr GW, Decker JM, Marchalonis JJ. Phylogenetic origins of immune recognition: lymphoid heterogeneity and the hapten/carrier effect in the goldfish, Carassius auratus. Cell Immunol. 1977 Jun 15;31(2):266–283. [PubMed]
  • Turner RJ. Response of the toad, Xenopus laevis, to circulating antigens. Responses after splenectomy. J Exp Zool. 1973 Jan;183(1):35–45. [PubMed]
  • Turner RJ, Manning MJ. Response of the toad, Xenopus laevis, to circulating antigens. Cellular changes in the spleen. J Exp Zool. 1973 Jan;183(1):21–34. [PubMed]
  • Yocum D, Cuchens M, Clem LW. The hapten-carrier effect in teleost fish. J Immunol. 1975 Mar;114(3):925–927. [PubMed]

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