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J R Soc Med. 1978 May; 71(5): 339–342.
PMCID: PMC1436606

Clinical study of recurrence rate and survival time of patients with carcinoma of the breast treated by biopsy excision without any other therapy.


We report the recurrence rate and survival time in 31 patients with carcinoma of the breast who were treated by limited excision of the primary tumour and no other therapy. At three years the overall recurrence rate in the breast was 28%. One patient was found to have systemic disease and two died of other causes. The overall recurrence rate in the breast at five years was 33%. One patient died of disseminated disease at 6 years 4 months.

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Selected References

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  • Atkins H, Hayward JL, Klugman DJ, Wayte AB. Treatment of early breast cancer: a report after ten years of a clinical trial. Br Med J. 1972 May 20;2(5811):423–429. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schottenfeld D, Nash AG, Robbins GF, Beattie EJ., Jr Ten-year results of the treatment of primary operable breast carcinoma: A summary of 304 patients evaluated by the TNM system. Cancer. 1976 Aug;38(2):1001–1007. [PubMed]
  • van Dongen JA. Subclavicular biopsy as a guideline for the treatment of breast cancer. World J Surg. 1977 May;1(3):306–308. [PubMed]

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