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Gut. 1988 March; 29(3): 302–305.
PMCID: PMC1433604

Effect of meal temperature on gastric emptying of liquids in man.


Serial studies were carried out on six healthy volunteers (19-24 years) to investigate the effect of meal temperature [either 4 degrees C (cold), 37 degrees C (control) or 50 degrees C (warm)] on the rate of gastric emptying of a radiolabelled isosmotic drink of orange juice. The mean maximum intragastric temperature occurred 60 seconds after the onset of ingestion of the warm drink and reached 43.0 degrees C (0.4) mean (SD) while the mean minimum intragastric temperature occurred 45 seconds after the onset of ingestion of the cold drink and reached 21.2 degrees C (1.9). Intragastric temperature then returned to body temperature within 20-30 minutes of ingestion of the warm and cold drinks. Warm and cold drinks appeared to empty from the stomach more slowly than the control drink. The initial rate of gastric emptying of the cold drink was significantly slower than the control drink (p less than 0.05) and the difference in emptying rates between cold and control drinks were significantly correlated with the differences in intragastric temperatures (p less than 0.01). The difference in the initial emptying rates between warm and control drinks were not statistically significant.

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Selected References

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  • El Ouazzani T, Mei N. Mise en evidence electrophysiologique des thermorécepteurs vagaux dans la région gastro-intestinale. Leur role dans la régulation de la motricité digestive. Exp Brain Res. 1979 Feb 15;34(3):419–434. [PubMed]
  • Bateman DN. Effects of meal temperature and volume on the emptying of liquid from the human stomach. J Physiol. 1982 Oct;331:461–467. [PubMed]
  • Erni W, Ritschel WA. Effect of temperature of perorally administered phenol red solution on gastric emptying in the rat. Arzneimittelforschung. 1977;27(5):1043–1045. [PubMed]
  • Ritschel WA, Erni W. The influence of temperature of ingested fluid on stomach emptying time. Int J Clin Pharmacol Biopharm. 1977 Apr;15(4):172–175. [PubMed]
  • Teeter BC, Bass P. Gastric emptying of liquid test meals of various temperatures in the dog. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1982 Apr;169(4):527–531. [PubMed]

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