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Between April 18 and May 20, 1975, 16 cases of measles occurred in pupils in an elementary school in Baltimore County, Md., and 1 case occurred in a sibling at a junior high school. Measles was serologically confirmed in 16 of these pupils. Attack rates were determined by grade and by vaccine status. The measles attack rate was 2.1 percent for the 377 children who had been given measles vaccine at 1 year of age or later. The rates were 27.8 percent (13 times higher) for those vaccinated at less than 10 months of age and 20.0 percent (10 times higher) for those with no definite history of vaccine. The higher attack rates for children who were vaccinated only before 10 months of age supports the 1972 recommendation of the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices that children vaccinated before this age need to be revaccinated with live measles virus vaccine to assure full protection. The finding that 2 of 10 children with a history of measles became ill during the outbreak suggests that such histories are not a totally reliable indicator of immunity. Containment of the outbreak was attributed to the high level of immunity in the community and prompt initiation of control measures.