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Public Health Rep. 1983 Mar-Apr; 98(2): 119–122.
PMCID: PMC1424426

Ophthalmia neonatorum prophylaxis in Vermont.


Vermont birth certificates and hospital medical charts for 1979 were reviewed to determine whether infants born at home or in hospitals had documentation of prophylaxis against gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Of the 139 home births recorded in 1979, 78 infants (54.0 percent) received no prophylaxis, compared with 97 (1.4 percent) of 7,156 infants born in hospitals (P less than 0.0001). Ophthalmic medications that have not been recommended for use for neonatal prophylaxis were being used in two hospitals in the State. A followup review of 7,668 Vermont birth certificates for 1980 indicated that hospital practices improved in that year, after the hospitals received a reminder on proper prophylactic procedures from the Vermont Department of Health.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Israel KS, Rissing KB, Brooks GF. Neonatal and childhood gonococcal infections. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1975 Mar;18(1):143–151. [PubMed]
  • GREENBERG M, VANDOW JE. Ophthalmia neonatorum: evaluation of different methods of prophylaxis in New York City. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1961 Jun;51:836–845. [PubMed]
  • Armstrong JH, Zacarias F, Rein MF. Ophthalmia neonatorum: a chart review. Pediatrics. 1976 Jun;57(6):884–892. [PubMed]
  • PEARSON HE. Failure of silver nitrate prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1957 Apr;73(4):805–807. [PubMed]
  • Snowe RJ, Wilfert CM. Epidemic reappearance of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Pediatrics. 1973 Jan;51(1):110–114. [PubMed]
  • Thompson TR, Swanson RE, Wiesner PJ. Gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Relationship of time of infection to relevant control measures. JAMA. 1974 Apr 8;228(2):186–188. [PubMed]

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