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J Accid Emerg Med. 1995 September; 12(3): 222–224.
PMCID: PMC1342490

Thrower's fracture: a comparison of two presentations of a rare fracture.


We report two similar rare types of fracture of the lower end of the humerus sustained in fit young adults while throwing a ball. Both cases were seen within 1 week in a busy accident and emergency (A&E) department. The types of fracture in each case are unusual and, in the past, have been attributed to fatigue or to a repetitive strain pattern.

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Selected References

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  • Klenerman L. Experimental fractures of the adult humerus. Med Biol Eng. 1969 Jul;7(4):357–364. [PubMed]
  • Branch T, Partin C, Chamberland P, Emeterio E, Sabetelle M. Spontaneous fractures of the humerus during pitching. A series of 12 cases. Am J Sports Med. 1992 Jul-Aug;20(4):468–470. [PubMed]
  • Linn RM, Kriegshauser LA. Ball thrower's fracture of the humerus. A case report. Am J Sports Med. 1991 Mar-Apr;19(2):194–197. [PubMed]
  • DiCicco JD, Mehlman CT, Urse JS. Fracture of the shaft of the humerus secondary to muscular violence. J Orthop Trauma. 1993;7(1):90–93. [PubMed]
  • Tullos HS, King JW. Throwing mechanism in sports. Orthop Clin North Am. 1973 Jul;4(3):709–720. [PubMed]

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