PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jeabehavJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Web SiteSubscriber LoginJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis Web SiteSubscription InformationInformation for AuthorsJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Web Site
 
J Exp Anal Behav. 1975 September; 24(2): 183–189.
PMCID: PMC1333397

Short-component multiple schedules: effects of relative reinforcement duration1

Abstract

Pigeons were exposed to multiple variable-interval 2-min variable-interval 2-min schedules of food presentation in which relative duration of food presentation was manipulated. When components alternated every 5 sec and were scheduled on separate response keys, relative response rates closely matched relative reinforcement duration in three of four pigeons. On the other hand, relative response rates were insensitive to relative reinforcement duration when components scheduled on a single response key alternated every 5 sec, and when components scheduled on separate response keys alternated every 2 min. Thus, both rapid alternation and spatial separation of components were necessary to produce approximate matching of relative responding to relative reinforcement duration. This finding contrasts with previous findings that only rapid component alternation is necessary for matching when relative rate of reinforcement is manipulated.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (943K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Baum WM. On two types of deviation from the matching law: bias and undermatching. J Exp Anal Behav. 1974 Jul;22(1):231–242. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Brownstein AJ. Concurrent schedules of response-independent reinforcement: duration of a reinforcing stimulus. J Exp Anal Behav. 1971 Mar;15(2):211–214. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • CATANIA AC. Concurrent performances: a baseline for the study of reinforcement magnitude. J Exp Anal Behav. 1963 Apr;6:299–300. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Catania AC, Reynolds GS. A quantitative analysis of the responding maintained by interval schedules of reinforcement. J Exp Anal Behav. 1968 May;11(3 Suppl):327–383. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fantino E, Squires N, Delbrück N, Peterson C. Choice behavior and the accessibility of the reinforcer. J Exp Anal Behav. 1972 Jul;18(1):35–43. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Findley JD. Preference and Switching under Concurrent Scheduling. J Exp Anal Behav. 1958 Apr;1(2):123–144. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • HERRNSTEIN RJ. Relative and absolute strength of response as a function of frequency of reinforcement. J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 Jul;4:267–272. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Herrnstein RJ. On the law of effect. J Exp Anal Behav. 1970 Mar;13(2):243–266. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Killeen P. A yoked-chamber comparison of concurrent and multiple schedules. J Exp Anal Behav. 1972 Jul;18(1):13–22. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lander DG, Irwin RJ. Multiple schedules: effects of the distribution of reinforcements between component on the distribution of responses between conponents. J Exp Anal Behav. 1968 Sep;11(5):517–524. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • REYNOLDS GS. Relativity of response rate and reinforcement frequency in a multiple schedule. J Exp Anal Behav. 1961 Apr;4:179–184. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schneider JW. Reinforcer effectiveness as a function of reinforcer rate and magnitude: a comparison of concurrent performances. J Exp Anal Behav. 1973 Nov;20(3):461–471. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • SHETTLEWORTH S, NEVIN JA. RELATIVE RATE OF RESPONSE AND RELATIVE MAGNITUDE OF REINFORCEMENT IN MULTIPLE SCHEDULES. J Exp Anal Behav. 1965 Jul;8:199–202. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shimp CP, Wheatley KL. Matching to relative reinforcement frequency in multiple schedules with a short component duration. J Exp Anal Behav. 1971 Mar;15(2):205–210. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Silberberg A, Fantino E. Choice, rate of reinforcement, and the changeover delay. J Exp Anal Behav. 1970 Mar;13(2):187–197. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Todorov JC. Component duration and relative response rates in multiple schedules. J Exp Anal Behav. 1972 Jan;17(1):45–49. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Todorov JC. Interaction of frequency and magnitude of reinforcement on concurrent performances. J Exp Anal Behav. 1973 May;19(3):451–458. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior are provided here courtesy of Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior