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J Athl Train. 2000 Jul-Sep; 35(3): 293–299.
PMCID: PMC1323392

Evaluation of Impingement Syndromes in the Overhead-Throwing Athlete



We outline impingement entities, describe the history and physical examination, and provide an overview of treatment beyond that routinely used in glenohumeral and scapulothoracic dysfunction.


In the athlete, pain and dysfunction due to excessive overhead use or abnormal positioning of the shoulder is common and can result from multiple etiologies, including impingement syndromes. Primary, secondary, internal, and coracoid impingement have all been described.


These entities will be discussed, including pathology, evaluation, and treatment.

Clinical Advantages:

Incorporating a systematic evaluation and treatment of impingement syndromes optimizes care for the patient with shoulder pain.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.3M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association