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J Athl Train. 1998 Oct-Dec; 33(4): 341–346.
PMCID: PMC1320585

Pulsed Ultrasound Fails To Diminish Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness Symptoms

Jeffrey C. Stay, MS, ATC,* Mark D. Richard, PhD, David O. Draper, EdD, ATC, Shane S. Schulthies, PhD, PT, ATC, and Earlene Durrant, EdD, ATC

Abstract

Objective:

We investigated the effects of pulsed ultrasound on swelling, muscle soreness perception, relaxed-elbow extension angle, and muscular strength.

Design and Setting:

Eight sets of concentric and eccentric actions induced delayed-onset muscle soreness of the elbow flexors. Group 1 received 20% pulsed ultrasound treatments (1-MHz, 7 minutes, 1.5 W/ cm2 temporal peak intensity) twice a day immediately after postexercise assessments and at 3, 24, 27, 48, 51, 72, and 75 hours postexercise. Group 2 received sham treatments immediately after postexercise assessments and at 3,27, 51, and 75 hours postexercise and true treatments of pulsed ultrasound at 24, 48, and 72 hours postexercise. Group 3 received sham treatments of no ultrasonic output immediately after postexercise assessments and at 3, 24, 27, 48, 51, 72, and 75 hours postexercise.

Subjects:

Thirty-six college-age females.

Measurements:

We recorded upper-arm circumference, perceived soreness, relaxed-elbow extension angle, and elbow-flexion strength before (pretest), immediately postexercise, and at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours postexercise.

Results:

We noted differences over time but no treatment effect between groups or interactions between time and group for upper-arm circumference, perceived soreness, relaxed-elbow extension angle, or elbow-flexion strength.

Conclusions:

Pulsed ultrasound as used in this study did not significantly diminish the effects of delayed-onset muscle soreness on soreness perception, swelling, relaxed-elbow extension angle, and strength.

Full text

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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