PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
 
J Athl Train. 1998 Oct-Dec; 33(4): 315–318.
PMCID: PMC1320580

Open and Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises Improve Shoulder Joint Reposition Sense Equally in Healthy Subjects

Ian M. Rogol, MEd, ATC, Gregory Ernst, PhD, PT, and David H. Perrin, PhD, ATC

Abstract

Objective:

To compare the effects of open and closed kinetic chain exercise on shoulder joint reposition sense.

Design and Setting:

Subjects with no previous upper extremity injury participated in a 6-week exercise program consisting of 3 sessions per week.

Subjects:

Thirty-nine healthy male military cadets: 13 each in the open, closed, and control groups.

Measurements:

Each subject was pretested and posttested for both active and passive joint reposition sense at 30° external rotation, 30° internal rotation, and 10° from full external rotation.

Results:

The open and closed kinetic chain groups de- creased in reposition sense error scores in comparison with the control group, but no difference was found between the 2 training groups.

Conclusion:

Our findings suggest that shoulder joint reposition sense can be enhanced with training in healthy subjects. Also, open and closed kinetic chain exercises appear to be equally effective in improving shoulder joint reposition sense.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (977K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Allegrucci M, Whitney SL, Lephart SM, Irrgang JJ, Fu FH. Shoulder kinesthesia in healthy unilateral athletes participating in upper extremity sports. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1995 Apr;21(4):220–226. [PubMed]
  • Grigg P, Hoffman AH. Properties of Ruffini afferents revealed by stress analysis of isolated sections of cat knee capsule. J Neurophysiol. 1982 Jan;47(1):41–54. [PubMed]
  • Barrack RL, Skinner HB, Buckley SL. Proprioception in the anterior cruciate deficient knee. Am J Sports Med. 1989 Jan-Feb;17(1):1–6. [PubMed]
  • Newton RA. Joint receptor contributions to reflexive and kinesthetic responses. Phys Ther. 1982 Jan;62(1):22–29. [PubMed]
  • Freeman MA, Dean MR, Hanham IW. The etiology and prevention of functional instability of the foot. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1965 Nov;47(4):678–685. [PubMed]
  • Smith RL, Brunolli J. Shoulder kinesthesia after anterior glenohumeral joint dislocation. Phys Ther. 1989 Feb;69(2):106–112. [PubMed]
  • Wilk KE, Arrigo C. Current concepts in the rehabilitation of the athletic shoulder. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1993 Jul;18(1):365–378. [PubMed]
  • Davies GJ, Dickoff-Hoffman S. Neuromuscular testing and rehabilitation of the shoulder complex. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1993 Aug;18(2):449–458. [PubMed]
  • Partin NB, Stone JA, Ryan EJ, Lueken JS, Timm KE. Upper extremity proprioceptive training. J Athl Train. 1994 Mar;29(1):15–18. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Litchfield R, Hawkins R, Dillman CJ, Atkins J, Hagerman G. Rehabilitation for the overhead athlete. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1993 Aug;18(2):433–441. [PubMed]
  • Lephart SM, Giraldo JL, Borsa PA, Fu FH. Knee joint proprioception: a comparison between female intercollegiate gymnasts and controls. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 1996;4(2):121–124. [PubMed]
  • Voight ML, Hardin JA, Blackburn TA, Tippett S, Canner GC. The effects of muscle fatigue on and the relationship of arm dominance to shoulder proprioception. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1996 Jun;23(6):348–352. [PubMed]
  • Gandevia SC, McCloskey DI. Joint sense, muscle sense, and their combination as position sense, measured at the distal interphalangeal joint of the middle finger. J Physiol. 1976 Sep;260(2):387–407. [PubMed]
  • Blasier RB, Carpenter JE, Huston LJ. Shoulder proprioception. Effect of joint laxity, joint position, and direction of motion. Orthop Rev. 1994 Jan;23(1):45–50. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association