Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
J Athl Train. 1998 Jan-Mar; 33(1): 65–68.
PMCID: PMC1320379

Spermatic Cord Hematoma in a Collegiate Football Player: A Case Report

John R. Bowman, MEd, ATC* and Michele Anton, ATC



In order to expand the athletic trainer's awareness of acute scrotal injuries, the objective is to present a case of a collegiate football player sustaining a spermatic cord hematoma injury.


Hematomas tend to resolve with conservative management. However, untreated testicular injuries may have serious ramifications, including ischemic atrophy, necrosis, and secondary infection. Exploratory surgery remains the standard for any acute scrotal lesion that cannot be diagnosed by physical examination or by diagnostic testing. Surgical exploration, however, is unnecessary in cases of scrotal hematoma.

Differential Diagnosis:

Epididymitis, incarcerated inguinal hemia, testicular torsion, testicular hematocele, and scrotal trauma with hematoma formation.


Conservative management including bedrest, ice, slight elevation of the lower extremities, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.


Noncontact scrotal injuries resulting in moderate swelling, pain, and disability are rare in athletes. This case study presents an athlete who suffered a moderate adductor strain 1 month before the formation of a spermatic cord hematoma. Comparison of the two episodes may be found in the subjective history. The question arises as to whether or not the hematoma formation was a possible complication of the initial adductor muscle injury.


Although scrotal injuries are not life threatening, untreated testicular injures can have immediate and severe consequences. It is essential that athletes with acute scrotal injuries accompanied by swelling and tenderness be evaluated by a physician with training in clinical urology.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Roback MG, Battan FK, Koyle M, Meagher DP., Jr Acute scrotal swelling after blunt thoracoabdominal trauma. J Trauma. 1996 Jan;40(1):155–156. [PubMed]
  • Bertini JE, Jr, Corriere JN., Jr The etiology and management of genital injuries. J Trauma. 1988 Aug;28(8):1278–1281. [PubMed]
  • Chinegwundoh FI. The post-traumatic painful testis. Postgrad Med J. 1996 Apr;72(846):251–252. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Witherington R. The 'acute' scrotum. Lesions that require immediate attention. Postgrad Med. 1987 Jul;82(1):207–216. [PubMed]
  • Ragozzino MW. Stretcher's scrotum. N Engl J Med. 1993 Mar 18;328(11):815–815. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association