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J Athl Train. 1997 Jul-Sep; 32(3): 254–255.
PMCID: PMC1320248

Effective Management of Epistaxis in Athletes



To review current management techniques and describe an alternative technique for managing epistaxis in athletes.


Nosebleeds are not usually considered a serious medical condition, but management can be a challenge. Traditional management techniques may place opposing athletes at risk for blood exposure.


The purpose of this article is to review the anatomy of the nasal blood supply, discuss various etiologies and outline the evaluation of epistaxis, and present various management techniques, including an alternative to traditional techniques.

Clinical Advantages:

The alternative management technique presented allows effective management of epistaxis and quick return to play while reducing the risk of blood exposure for other competitors.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (386K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Arnold BL. A review of selected blood-borne pathogen position statements and federal regulations. J Athl Train. 1995 Jun;30(2):171–176. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lander MI, Terry O. The posterior ethmoid artery in severe epistaxis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992 Jan;106(1):101–103. [PubMed]
  • Shaw CB, Wax MK, Wetmore SJ. Epistaxis: a comparison of treatment. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1993 Jul;109(1):60–65. [PubMed]
  • Halloran TH. Nasal packing: stopping excessive blood loss. Nursing. 1993 Oct;23(10):32P–32R. [PubMed]
  • Viducich RA, Blanda MP, Gerson LW. Posterior epistaxis: clinical features and acute complications. Ann Emerg Med. 1995 May;25(5):592–596. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association