PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
 
J Athl Train. 1997 Jan-Mar; 32(1): 21–24.
PMCID: PMC1319230

Ankle Braces Effectively Reduce Recurrence of Ankle Sprains in Female Soccer Players

Sharon R. Sharpe, MS, LATC
Sharon R. Sharpe is Head Athletic Trainer at Department of Physical Education, Recreation, and Athletics, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181.
Joseph Knapik, ScD
Joseph Knapik is Research Physiologist at Human Research and Engineering Directorate, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005.
Bruce Jones, MPH, MD

Abstract

Objective:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of ankle bracing and taping in preventing recurrencess of ankle sprains, specifically in female athletes.

Design and Setting:

Varsity soccer players' medical records over a five-year period were retrospectively reviewed at a Division III women's college. Data were extracted regarding any history of ankle sprain(s), type of intervention used as prophylaxis after the ankle sprain, number of exposures, and any incidence of recurrence.

Subjects:

All collegiate varsity soccer players who had suffered a previous sprain to either one or both ankles (38 players) were identified as subjects.

Measurements:

Each previously injured ankle (n = 56) was considered as a case for the analysis. Ankles that had a previous sprain received one of four interventions: 1) a canvas, laced ankle brace (n = 19), 2) taping (n = 12), 3) a combination of taping and ankle bracing (n = 8), or 4) no treatment (n = 17).

Results:

The four intervention groups had a total of 1717 practice exposures and 650 competitive game exposures; exposures did not differ among the 4 groups. Ankle sprain recurrence frequency was 0%, 25%, 25%, and 35% for the braced, taped, combination, and untreated groups, respectively. The recurrence incidence for the braced group was significantly lower than that of the other three groups. The ankle sprain recurrence frequency did not differ among the taped, combination, and no treatment groups.

Conclusion:

We suggest that prophylactic ankle bracing is effective in reducing the incidence of ankle sprains in female soccer players with a previous history of ankle sprains.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (739K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Ekstrand J, Tropp H. The incidence of ankle sprains in soccer. Foot Ankle. 1990 Aug;11(1):41–44. [PubMed]
  • Garrick JG, Requa RK. Role of external support in the prevention of ankle sprains. Med Sci Sports. 1973 Fall;5(3):200–203. [PubMed]
  • Jackson DS, Furman WK, Berson BL. Patterns of injuries in college athletes: a retrospective study of injuries sustained in intercollegiate athletics in two colleges over a two-year period. Mt Sinai J Med. 1980 Jul-Aug;47(4):423–426. [PubMed]
  • Knapik JJ, Bauman CL, Jones BH, Harris JM, Vaughan L. Preseason strength and flexibility imbalances associated with athletic injuries in female collegiate athletes. Am J Sports Med. 1991 Jan-Feb;19(1):76–81. [PubMed]
  • MacIntosh DL, Skrien T, Shephard RJ. Physical activity and injury. A study of sports injuries at the University of Toronto, 1951-1968. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1972 Dec;12(7):224–237. [PubMed]
  • Brynhildsen J, Ekstrand J, Jeppsson A, Tropp H. Previous injuries and persisting symptoms in female soccer players. Int J Sports Med. 1990 Dec;11(6):489–492. [PubMed]
  • Engström B, Johansson C, Törnkvist H. Soccer injuries among elite female players. Am J Sports Med. 1991 Jul-Aug;19(4):372–375. [PubMed]
  • Garrick JG. The frequency of injury, mechanism of injury, and epidemiology of ankle sprains. Am J Sports Med. 1977 Nov-Dec;5(6):241–242. [PubMed]
  • Tenvergert EM, Ten Duis HJ, Klasen HJ. Trends in sports injuries, 1982-1988: an in-depth study on four types of sport. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1992 Jun;32(2):214–220. [PubMed]
  • Jones BH, Cowan DN, Tomlinson JP, Robinson JR, Polly DW, Frykman PN. Epidemiology of injuries associated with physical training among young men in the army. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Feb;25(2):197–203. [PubMed]
  • Milgrom C, Shlamkovitch N, Finestone A, Eldad A, Laor A, Danon YL, Lavie O, Wosk J, Simkin A. Risk factors for lateral ankle sprain: a prospective study among military recruits. Foot Ankle. 1991 Aug;12(1):26–30. [PubMed]
  • Löfvenberg R, Kärrholm J. The influence of an ankle orthosis on the talar and calcaneal motions in chronic lateral instability of the ankle. A stereophotogrammetric analysis. Am J Sports Med. 1993 Mar-Apr;21(2):224–230. [PubMed]
  • Laughman RK, Carr TA, Chao EY, Youdas JW, Sim FH. Three-dimensional kinematics of the taped ankle before and after exercise. Am J Sports Med. 1980 Nov-Dec;8(6):425–431. [PubMed]
  • Fumich RM, Ellison AE, Guerin GJ, Grace PD. The measured effect of taping on combined foot and ankle motion before and after exercise. Am J Sports Med. 1981 May-Jun;9(3):165–170. [PubMed]
  • Greene TA, Hillman SK. Comparison of support provided by a semirigid orthosis and adhesive ankle taping before, during, and after exercise. Am J Sports Med. 1990 Sep-Oct;18(5):498–506. [PubMed]
  • Rovere GD, Clarke TJ, Yates CS, Burley K. Retrospective comparison of taping and ankle stabilizers in preventing ankle injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1988 May-Jun;16(3):228–233. [PubMed]
  • Miller EA, Hergenroeder AC. Prophylactic ankle bracing. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Oct;37(5):1175–1185. [PubMed]
  • Beynnon BD, Renström PA. The effect of bracing and taping in sports. Ann Chir Gynaecol. 1991;80(2):230–238. [PubMed]
  • RARICK GL, BIGLEY G, KARST R, MALINA RM. The measurable support of the ankle joint by conventional methods of taping. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1962 Sep;44-A:1183–1190. [PubMed]
  • Wilkerson GB. Comparative biomechanical effects of the standard method of ankle taping and a taping method designed to enhance subtalar stability. Am J Sports Med. 1991 Nov-Dec;19(6):588–595. [PubMed]
  • Ferguson AB., Jr The case against ankle taping. J Sports Med. 1973 Jan-Feb;1(2):46–47. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association