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J Athl Train. 1996 Jul-Sep; 31(3): 245–247.
PMCID: PMC1318512

Gender Differences in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Rates in Wisconsin Intercollegiate Basketball

Jeff G. Oliphant, MS, ATC
Jeff G. Oliphant is Head Athletic Trainer at University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI 54702.



The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in women basketball players has been shown to exceed that of male basketball players. The purpose of this study was to determine the ACL injury rate for both male and female intercollegiate basketball players in the state of Wisconsin and to determine if certain factors played a significant role in the number of ACL injuries incurred.

Design and Setting:

The design was a 5-year retrospective survey study. The study took place in the state of Wisconsin at 22 colleges and universities.


Certified athletic trainers were selected from the colleges and universities to answer the surveys.


The survey consisted of close-ended questions about the incidence of ACL injuries and the circumstances surrounding these injuries.


The injury rate was high in the female basketball players. The female athletes had a 2.3 times higher ACL injury rate than the male athletes. No other factors were found to be significant.


ACL injuries were higher in the female athletes than the male athletes examined.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (586K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Arendt E, Dick R. Knee injury patterns among men and women in collegiate basketball and soccer. NCAA data and review of literature. Am J Sports Med. 1995 Nov-Dec;23(6):694–701. [PubMed]
  • Garrick JG, Requa RK. Girls' sports injuries in high school athletics. JAMA. 1978 May 26;239(21):2245–2248. [PubMed]
  • Gray J, Taunton JE, McKenzie DC, Clement DB, McConkey JP, Davidson RG. A survey of injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee in female basketball players. Int J Sports Med. 1985 Dec;6(6):314–316. [PubMed]
  • Harner CD, Paulos LE, Greenwald AE, Rosenberg TD, Cooley VC. Detailed analysis of patients with bilateral anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1994 Jan-Feb;22(1):37–43. [PubMed]
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  • Knapik JJ, Bauman CL, Jones BH, Harris JM, Vaughan L. Preseason strength and flexibility imbalances associated with athletic injuries in female collegiate athletes. Am J Sports Med. 1991 Jan-Feb;19(1):76–81. [PubMed]
  • Souryal TO, Freeman TR. Intercondylar notch size and anterior cruciate ligament injuries in athletes. A prospective study. Am J Sports Med. 1993 Jul-Aug;21(4):535–539. [PubMed]
  • Wirtz PD. High school basketball knee ligament injuries. J Iowa Med Soc. 1982 Mar;72(3):105–106. [PubMed]
  • Zelisko JA, Noble HB, Porter M. A comparison of men's and women's professional basketball injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1982 Sep-Oct;10(5):297–299. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association