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J Athl Train. 1996 Jul-Sep; 31(3): 201–206.
PMCID: PMC1318504

Structure of a Scholarly Manuscript: 66 Tips for What Goes Where

Kenneth L. Knight, PhD, ATC
Kenneth L. Knight is Professor of Physical Education at Brigham Young University, Provo, UT and Retiring Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Athletic Training.



To share with potential authors tips for constructing a scholarly manuscript and for organizing information in various types of scholarly manuscripts: experimental reports, literature reviews, case reports, and clinical techniques.


The goal of writing a scientific/technical/ medical article is to communicate new information that hopefully has clinical relevance and will improve health care. This information must be organized and presented clearly and logically. We present 66 tips for organizing a scholarly manuscript. We tell not only what goes where in the manuscript but also how to construct each of the elements so as to logically communicate the author's message. The tips are numbered to facilitate referencing.


By becoming familiar with these tips, potential authors can avoid making mistakes that may hinder publication of their manuscripts.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Knight KL, Ingersoll CD. Optimizing scholarly communication: 30 tips for writing clearly. J Athl Train. 1996 Jul;31(3):209–213. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association