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J Athl Train. 1995 September; 30(3): 259–260.
PMCID: PMC1317872

Glenoid Dysplasia

Terry Randall, MS, PT, OCS, ATC


Athletic trainers evaluate many athletes with acute and chronic shoulder problems such as rotator cuff pathology, impingement syndromes, and inflammatory conditions. They also need to be aware of more obscure reasons for shoulder pain and dysfunction. The purpose of this paper is to describe a rare congenital abnormality called glenoid dysplasia, which can be responsible for a variety of shoulder complaints in athletes. Characteristics of glenoid dysplasia are seen on radiographs and include a shallow glenoid fossa and a hypoplastic scapular neck. This case study depicts an athlete who functioned at a very high level for many years before developing symptoms. This athlete was able to continue an active lifestyle but some limitations were recommended.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Borenstein ZC, Mink J, Oppenheim W, Rimoin DL, Lachman RS. Case report 655: Congenital glenoid dysplasia (congenital hypoplasia of the glenoid neck and fossa of the scapula, with accompanied deformity of humeral head, coracoid process, and acromion). Skeletal Radiol. 1991;20(2):134–136. [PubMed]
  • Hawkins RJ, Abrams JS. Impingement syndrome in the absence of rotator cuff tear (stages 1 and 2). Orthop Clin North Am. 1987 Jul;18(3):373–382. [PubMed]
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  • Neer CS., 2nd Impingement lesions. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1983 Mar;(173):70–77. [PubMed]
  • Pettersson H. Bilateral dysplasia of the neck of scapula and associated anomalies. Acta Radiol Diagn (Stockh) 1981;22(1):81–84. [PubMed]
  • Townsend H, Jobe FW, Pink M, Perry J. Electromyographic analysis of the glenohumeral muscles during a baseball rehabilitation program. Am J Sports Med. 1991 May-Jun;19(3):264–272. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association