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J Athl Train. 1993 Winter; 28(4): 312–318.
PMCID: PMC1317734

Enhancing Athletic Injury Rehabilitation Adherence

A. Craig Fisher, PhD
A. Craig Fisher is Professor at Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Human Performance, Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY 14850.
Kent C. Scriber, EdD, PT, ATC
Kent C. Scriber is Associate Professor at Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences and NATA Program Director.
Michael L. Matheny, MS, ATC
Michael L. Matheny is Clinical Faculty Member at Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences and Head Athletic Trainer.
Mark H. Alderman, MS, ATC
Mark H. Alderman is Clinical Faculty Member at Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences and an Athletic Trainer.


Contemporary sports medicine literature has begun to address more centrally the idea that treatment adherence is a complex issue. Not only must certified athletic trainers (ATCs) possess knowledge about injuries and subsequent rehabilitation protocols, they also must be able to deliver essential services in a manner that predisposes treatment success. Effective treatment of athletic injuries necessitates consideration of various psychosocial factors shown to enhance rehabilitation adherence. Detailed explanations of several important ATC-athlete interaction patterns and motivational strategies are offered.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Fisher AC. Adherence to sports injury rehabilitation programmes. Sports Med. 1990 Mar;9(3):151–158. [PubMed]
  • Fisher AC, Hoisington LL. Injured athletes' attitudes and judgments toward rehabilitation adherence. J Athl Train. 1993 Spring;28(1):48–54. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fisher AC, Mullins SA, Frye PA. Athletic trainers' attitudes and judgments of injured athletes' rehabilitation adherence. J Athl Train. 1993 Spring;28(1):43–47. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Friedman IM, Litt IF. Adolescents' compliance with therapeutic regimens. Psychological and social aspects and intervention. J Adolesc Health Care. 1987 Jan;8(1):52–67. [PubMed]
  • Ice R. Long-term compliance. Phys Ther. 1985 Dec;65(12):1832–1839. [PubMed]
  • Miller SM. Monitoring and blunting: validation of a questionnaire to assess styles of information seeking under threat. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1987 Feb;52(2):345–353. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association