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J Athl Train. 1993 Summer; 28(2): 146-148, 150.
PMCID: PMC1317699

College Athletes and Drug Testing: Attitudes and Behaviors by Gender and Sport

Dona Schneider, PhD, MPH
Dona Schneider is Assistant Professor of Urban Studies and Community Health at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08903.
Joyce Morris, PhD, CHES


We surveyed varsity athletes at a Big East university to assess attitudes toward a mandatory drug education and testing program and examined whether there were differences in drug-related attitudes and behaviors based on gender or varsity sport. We found no statistically significant differences in personal drug use behaviors based on gender or team affiliation. Attitudes about drug use and knowledge of a teammate using drugs did show significant differences based on varsity sport. Tennis players were most likely to agree that drug use by college athletes is socially acceptable. Lacrosse players were most likely to know of atleast one teammate using drugs. Overall, attitudes towards the mandatory drug education and testing program were ambivalent. About half of our responding athletes believed drug testing was necessary and discouraged drug use. Only 17% believed that the program was an invasion of privacy.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Montagne M, Pugh CB, Fink JL., 3rd Testing for drug use, Part 2: Legal, social, and ethical concerns. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1988 Jul;45(7):1509–1522. [PubMed]
  • Klemparskaya NN, Shalnova GA, Ulanova AM, Kuzmina TD, Chuhrov AD. Immunomodulating effect of autohaemotherapy (a literature review). J Hyg Epidemiol Microbiol Immunol. 1986;30(3):331–336. [PubMed]
  • Selby R, Weinstein HM, Bird TS. The health of university athletes: attitudes, behaviors, and stressors. J Am Coll Health. 1990 Jul;39(1):11–18. [PubMed]
  • Wagner JC. Substance-abuse policies and guidelines in amateur and professional athletics. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1987 Feb;44(2):305–310. [PubMed]

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