Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
J Athl Train. 1993 Summer; 28(2): 113-114, 116, 119.
PMCID: PMC1317694

An In Vitro Biomechanical Study of The Static Stabilizing Effect of Lateral Prophylactic Knee Bracing on Medial Stability

George F. Salvaterra, MA
George F. Salvaterra is Athletic Trainer at The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.
MinQi Wang, PhD
MinQi Wang is Associate Professor of Health and Human Performance Studies at The University of Alabama.
C.A. Morehouse, PhD
C.A. Morehouse is Professor Emeritus at Exercise and Sport Science Department, The Pennsylvania State University.


We attempted to determine if the selected lateral prophylactic knee braces (ie, Anderson Knee Stabler-101W, Don Joy-PKG and McDavid Knee Guard) were effective at stabilizing the medial collateral ligament against valgus loading to the knee joint. We tested 23 volunteer subjects under each of three braced conditions, plus a nonbraced condition. Applying stress to the lower leg of the subjects, we measured and recorded the linear displacement of the tibia in abduction and/or adduction. We analyzed the data, using a repeated measures ANOVA. There were no differences between the bracing conditions. We concluded that the three knee braces were not effective at stabilizing the knee joint from a static valgus force.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Baker BE, VanHanswyk E, Bogosian S, 4th, Werner FW, Murphy D. A biomechanical study of the static stabilizing effect of knee braces on medial stability. Am J Sports Med. 1987 Nov-Dec;15(6):566–570. [PubMed]
  • France EP, Paulos LE, Jayaraman G, Rosenberg TD. The biomechanics of lateral knee bracing. Part II: Impact response of the braced knee. Am J Sports Med. 1987 Sep-Oct;15(5):430–438. [PubMed]
  • Goldfuss AJ, Morehouse CA, LeVeau BF. Effect of muscular tension on knee stability. Med Sci Sports. 1973 Winter;5(4):267–271. [PubMed]
  • Jacobsen K. Stress radiographical measurement of the anteroposterior, medial and lateral stability of the knee joint. Acta Orthop Scand. 1976 Jun;47(3):335–334. [PubMed]
  • Markolf KL, Graff-Radford A, Amstutz HC. In vivo knee stability. A quantitative assessment using an instrumented clinical testing apparatus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1978 Jul;60(5):664–674. [PubMed]
  • Markolf KL, Mensch JS, Amstutz HC. Stiffness and laxity of the knee--the contributions of the supporting structures. A quantitative in vitro study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976 Jul;58(5):583–594. [PubMed]
  • Rovere GD, Haupt HA, Yates CS. Prophylactic knee bracing in college football. Am J Sports Med. 1987 Mar-Apr;15(2):111–116. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association