Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
J Athl Train. 1992; 27(4): 320, 322, 324.
PMCID: PMC1317282

Motivational Congruency and Discrepancy Between Certified Athletic Trainers and Noncertified Student Athletic Trainers in the State of Hawaii

Barton P. Buxton, EdD, ATC, Samuel V. Lankford, PhD, and Laurie S. Noda, BS, ATC


In March 1992, a survey to assess motivational preference was sent to all certified athletic trainers who were practicing in the State of Hawaii and all noncertified student athletic trainers who were enrolled in the athletic training curriculum at the University of Hawaii. The return rate was 80% for certified athletic trainers and 100% for student athletic trainers. The findings of the study indicated that a motivational discrepancy exists for the following motivational stems: freedom on the job, job growth, benefits and wages, being appreciated, helping the organization obtain goals, receiving raises, being an integral part of the work team, job security, and feedback on job performance (p <.05). Further, the study indicated differences in rating the importance of motivators between the certified and the student athletic trainers concerning freedom on the job, opportunity for advancement, benefits and wages, and job security (p <.05). The differences in motivational factors between the two groups indicated that the students are more concerned with intrinsic types of motivators and less concerned with extrinsic rewards. Further investigation needs to include mainland populations and students in approved/accredited curriculums.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (640K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page.

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association