PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
 
J Athl Train. 1992; 27(3): 262–267.
PMCID: PMC1317257

The Athletic Trainer's Role in Modifying Nutritional Behaviors of Adolescent Athletes: Putting Theory into Practice

Abstract

Nutritional practices influence athletic performance and recovery from injury. The athletic trainer is ideally positioned to effect dietary changes with adolescent athletes—a group at high-risk for nutritional imbalances. Research shows that young adults generally do not change dietary practices when given factual nutrition and health information. This article provides a variety of behavior change strategies, based on models derived from health education and health psychology, which are likely to influence dietary choices. Promoting self-efficacy by enhancing perception of choice and control, peer modeling, cooperative support networks, goal-setting techniques, and behavioral self-monitoring may provide the motivational framework necessary to enhance dietary compliance. Dietary behavior change techniques are a valuable part of an athletic trainer's resources.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.2M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychol Rev. 1977 Mar;84(2):191–215. [PubMed]
  • Brunswick AF. Health needs of adolescents: how the adolescent sees them. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1969 Sep;59(9):1730–1745. [PubMed]
  • Sinay IR, Arias P, Schnitman MA, Damilano SA, Faingold MC, Moguilevsky JA. Diet only or diet and sulfonylureas in mild type II diabetes (NIDDM)? Pathophysiologic and therapeutic implications. Acta Diabetol Lat. 1988 Oct-Dec;25(4):289–297. [PubMed]
  • Davis C, Cowles M. A comparison of weight and diet concerns and personality factors among female athletes and non-athletes. J Psychosom Res. 1989;33(5):527–536. [PubMed]
  • Deuster PA, Dolev E, Kyle SB, Anderson RA, Schoomaker EB. Magnesium homeostasis during high-intensity anaerobic exercise in men. J Appl Physiol (1985) 1987 Feb;62(2):545–550. [PubMed]
  • Douglas PD, Douglas JG. Nutrition knowledge and food practices of high school athletes. J Am Diet Assoc. 1984 Oct;84(10):1198–1202. [PubMed]
  • Gates G, Kennedy S. Peer educators reach college students with nutrition information. J Am Coll Health. 1989 Sep;38(2):95–96. [PubMed]
  • Kanfer FH, Grimm LG. Freedom of choice and behavioral change. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1978 Oct;46(5):873–878. [PubMed]
  • Lewis CJ, Sims LS, Shannon B. Examination of specific nutrition/health behaviors using a social cognitive model. J Am Diet Assoc. 1989 Feb;89(2):194–202. [PubMed]
  • Radius SM, Dillman TE, Becker MH, Rosenstock IM, Horvath WJ. Adolescent perspectives of health and illness. Adolescence. 1980 Summer;15(58):375–384. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association