PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jathtrainLink to Publisher's site
 
J Athl Train. 1992; 27(1): 80, 82, 84.
PMCID: PMC1317136

The Effect of Molded and Unmolded Orthotics on Balance and Pain While Jogging Following Inversion Ankle Sprain

Linda Combs Orteza, MS, PT, ATC, W. Daniel Vogelbach, PT, ATC, and Craig R. Denegar, PhD, ATC, Associate Professor

Abstract

During this study, we examined the effects of using molded orthotics on persons who had suffered an inversion ankle sprain. We assessed standing balance with a digital balance evaluator for a group of 15 subjects who had no history of ankle sprains and for a group of nine subjects with acute ankle sprains. Then, we assessed the subjective pain experienced by ten subjects with acute ankle sprains while they jogged. During each part of the study, we tested the subjects while they were using a molded orthotic, an unmolded orthotic, and no orthotic in their shoes. We alternated the order of these treatments with each consecutive subject. The results indicate that subjects with a history of recent inversion ankle sprains had poorer balance than uninjured subjects. Molded orthotics had no effect on balance scores in the uninjured group, but their use improved balance scores in the ankle sprain group. Unmolded orthotics did not improve balance scores. Molded orthotics helped to decrease ankle pain during jogging for those with an ankle sprain, but unmolded orthotics did not. These findings suggest that molded orthotics may play a role in the treatment of inversion ankle sprains.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (922K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.
 
 

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Brody DM. Techniques in the evaluation and treatment of the injured runner. Orthop Clin North Am. 1982 Jul;13(3):541–558. [PubMed]
  • Freeman MA. Instability of the foot after injuries to the lateral ligament of the ankle. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1965 Nov;47(4):669–677. [PubMed]
  • Freeman MA. Treatment of ruptures of the lateral ligament of the ankle. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1965 Nov;47(4):661–668. [PubMed]
  • Freeman MA, Dean MR, Hanham IW. The etiology and prevention of functional instability of the foot. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1965 Nov;47(4):678–685. [PubMed]
  • Glasgow M, Jackson A, Jamieson AM. Instability of the ankle after injury to the lateral ligament. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1980 May;62-B(2):196–200. [PubMed]
  • Newton RA. Joint receptor contributions to reflexive and kinesthetic responses. Phys Ther. 1982 Jan;62(1):22–29. [PubMed]
  • Parlasca R, Shoji H, D'Ambrosia RD. Effects of ligamentous injury on ankle and subtalar joints: a kinematic study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1979 May;(140):266–272. [PubMed]
  • Rasmussen O. Stability of the ankle joint. Analysis of the function and traumatology of the ankle ligaments. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl. 1985;211:1–75. [PubMed]
  • Roycroft S, Mantgani AB. Treatment of inversion injuries of the ankle by early active management. Physiotherapy. 1983 Oct 10;69(10):355–356. [PubMed]
  • Schulmann DL, Godfrey B, Fisher AG. Effect of eye movements on dynamic equilibrium. Phys Ther. 1987 Jul;67(7):1054–1059. [PubMed]
  • Wyke B. Articular neurology--a review. Physiotherapy. 1972 Mar 10;58(3):94–99. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Athletic Training are provided here courtesy of National Athletic Trainers Association