Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jabaJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis Web SiteSubscriber LoginJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Web SiteSubscription InformationInformation for AuthorsJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis Web SiteJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis Web Site
J Appl Behav Anal. 1982 Spring; 15(1): 1–16.
PMCID: PMC1308244

An evaluation of Teaching-Family (Achievement Place) group homes for juvenile offenders.


Juvenile crime is a serious problem for which treatment approach has been found to be reliably effective. This outcome evaluation assessed during and posttreatment effectiveness of Teaching-Family group home treatment programs for juvenile offenders. The evaluation included the original Achievement Place program, which was the prototype for the development of the Teaching-Family treatment approach, 12 replications of Achievement Place, and 9 comparison group home programs. Primary dependent measures were retrieved from court and police files and included number of alleged offenses, percentage of youths involved in those alleged offenses, and percentage of youths institutionalized. Other dependent measures were subjective ratings of effectiveness obtained from the program consumers, including the group home residents. The results showed difference during treatment favoring the Teaching-Family programs on rate of alleged criminal offenses, percentage of youths involved in those offenses, and consumer ratings of the programs. The consumer ratings provided by the youths and their school teachers were found to be inversely and significantly correlated with the reduction of criminal offenses during treatment. There were no significant differences during treatment on measures of noncriminal offenses (e.g., truancy, runaway, and curfew violations). In the posttreatment year, none of the differences between the groups was significant on any of the outcome measures. The results are discussed in terms of measurement and design issues in the evaluation of delinquency treatment programs and in relation to the evaluation; of Teaching-Family group homes by Richard Jones and his colleagues.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (2.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Alexander JF, Parsons BV. Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent families: impact on family process and recidivism. J Abnorm Psychol. 1973 Jun;81(3):219–225. [PubMed]
  • Fixsen DL, Phillips EL, Wolf MM. Achievement Place: experiments in self-government with pre-delinquents. J Appl Behav Anal. 1973 Spring;6(1):31–47. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Maloney DM, Harper TM, Braukmann CJ, Fixsen DL, Phillips EL, Wolf MM. Teaching conversation-related skills to predelinquent girls. J Appl Behav Anal. 1976 Fall;9(3):371–371. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Minkin N, Braukmann CJ, Minkin BL, Timbers GD, Timbers BJ, Fixsen DL, Phillips EL, Wolf MM. The social validation and training of conversational skills. J Appl Behav Anal. 1976 Summer;9(2):127–139. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • O'Leary KD, Borkovec TD. Conceptual, methodological, and ethical problems of placebo groups in psychotherapy research. Am Psychol. 1978 Sep;33(9):821–830. [PubMed]
  • Phillips EL. Achievement Place: token reinforcement procedures in a home-style rehabilitation setting for "pre-delinquent" boys. J Appl Behav Anal. 1968 Fall;1(3):213–223. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Phillips EL, Phillips EA, Wolf MM, Fixsen DL. Achievement Place: development of the elected manager system. J Appl Behav Anal. 1973 Winter;6(4):541–561. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Solnick JV, Braukmann CJ, Bedlington MM, Kirigin KA, Wolf MM. The relationship between parent-youth interaction and delinquency in group homes. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 1981 Mar;9(1):107–119. [PubMed]
  • Wolf MM. Social validity: the case for subjective measurement or how applied behavior analysis is finding its heart. J Appl Behav Anal. 1978 Summer;11(2):203–214. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis are provided here courtesy of Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior