PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jrsocmedLink to Publisher's site
 
J R Soc Med. 1999 August; 92(8): 393–397.
PMCID: PMC1297313

Cocaine: history, use, abuse.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.2M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Kleber HD. Epidemic cocaine abuse: America's present, Britain's future? Br J Addict. 1988 Dec;83(12):1359–1371. [PubMed]
  • Jekel JF, Allen DF, Podlewski H, Clarke N, Dean-Patterson S, Cartwright P. Epidemic free-base cocaine abuse. Case study from the Bahamas. Lancet. 1986 Mar 1;1(8479):459–462. [PubMed]
  • Homstedt B, Lindgren JE, Rivier L, Plowman T. Cocaine in blood of coca chewers. J Ethnopharmacol. 1979 Jan;1(1):69–78. [PubMed]
  • Hirschmüller A. E. Merck und das Kokain. Zu Sigmund Freuds Kokainstudien und ihren Beziehungen zu der Darmstädter Firma. Gesnerus. 1995;52(1-2):116–132. [PubMed]
  • Cone EJ. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cocaine. J Anal Toxicol. 1995 Oct;19(6):459–478. [PubMed]
  • Caulkins JP. Is crack cheaper than (powder) cocaine? Addiction. 1997 Nov;92(11):1437–1443. [PubMed]
  • Karch SB, Stephens BG, Tseng A. Does ethanol enhance cocaine toxicity? J Clin Forensic Med. 1999 Mar;6(1):19–23. [PubMed]
  • Karch SB, Stephens B, Ho CH. Relating cocaine blood concentrations to toxicity--an autopsy study of 99 cases. J Forensic Sci. 1998 Jan;43(1):41–45. [PubMed]
  • Smart RG, Anglin L. Do we know the lethal dose of cocaine? J Forensic Sci. 1987 Mar;32(2):303–312. [PubMed]
  • Karch SB, Stephens BS. When is cocaine the cause of death? Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1991 Mar;12(1):1–2. [PubMed]
  • Foltin RW, Fischman MW. Smoked and intravenous cocaine in humans: acute tolerance, cardiovascular and subjective effects. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1991 Apr;257(1):247–261. [PubMed]
  • Pounder DJ, Jones GR. Post-mortem drug redistribution--a toxicological nightmare. Forensic Sci Int. 1990 Apr;45(3):253–263. [PubMed]
  • Hearn WL, Keran EE, Wei HA, Hime G. Site-dependent postmortem changes in blood cocaine concentrations. J Forensic Sci. 1991 May;36(3):673–684. [PubMed]
  • Tardiff K, Gross E, Wu J, Stajic M, Millman R. Analysis of cocaine-positive fatalities. J Forensic Sci. 1989 Jan;34(1):53–63. [PubMed]
  • White FJ. Cocaine and the serotonin saga. Nature. 1998 May 14;393(6681):118–119. [PubMed]
  • Knuepfer MM, Branch CA. Cardiovascular responses to cocaine are initially mediated by the central nervous system in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1992 Nov;263(2):734–741. [PubMed]
  • Sperry K, Sweeney ES. Suicide by intravenous injection of cocaine. A report of three cases. J Forensic Sci. 1989 Jan;34(1):244–248. [PubMed]
  • Wetli CV, Mittlemann RE. The "body packer syndrome"-toxicity following ingestion of illicit drugs packaged for transportation. J Forensic Sci. 1981 Jul;26(3):492–500. [PubMed]
  • Campbell BG. Cocaine abuse with hyperthermia, seizures and fatal complications. Med J Aust. 1988 Oct 3;149(7):387–389. [PubMed]
  • Karch SB. Introduction to the forensic pathology of cocaine. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1991 Jun;12(2):126–131. [PubMed]
  • Levine SR, Brust JC, Futrell N, Ho KL, Blake D, Millikan CH, Brass LM, Fayad P, Schultz LR, Selwa JF, et al. Cerebrovascular complications of the use of the "crack" form of alkaloidal cocaine. N Engl J Med. 1990 Sep 13;323(11):699–704. [PubMed]
  • Ruttenber AJ, Lawler-Heavner J, Yin M, Wetli CV, Hearn WL, Mash DC. Fatal excited delirium following cocaine use: epidemiologic findings provide new evidence for mechanisms of cocaine toxicity. J Forensic Sci. 1997 Jan;42(1):25–31. [PubMed]
  • Staley JK, Hearn WL, Ruttenber AJ, Wetli CV, Mash DC. High affinity cocaine recognition sites on the dopamine transporter are elevated in fatal cocaine overdose victims. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1994 Dec;271(3):1678–1685. [PubMed]
  • Staley JK, Rothman RB, Rice KC, Partilla J, Mash DC. Kappa2 opioid receptors in limbic areas of the human brain are upregulated by cocaine in fatal overdose victims. J Neurosci. 1997 Nov 1;17(21):8225–8233. [PubMed]
  • Karch SB, Green GS, Young S. Myocardial hypertrophy and coronary artery disease in male cocaine users. J Forensic Sci. 1995 Jul;40(4):591–595. [PubMed]
  • Rosenbaum JS, Billingham ME, Ginsburg R, Tsujimoto G, Lurie KG, Hoffman BB. Cardiomyopathy in a rat model of pheochromocytoma. Morphological and functional alterations. Am J Cardiovasc Pathol. 1988;1(3):389–399. [PubMed]
  • Pitts WR, Lange RA, Cigarroa JE, Hillis LD. Cocaine-induced myocardial ischemia and infarction: pathophysiology, recognition, and management. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 1997 Jul-Aug;40(1):65–76. [PubMed]
  • Pirwitz MJ, Willard JE, Landau C, Lange RA, Glamann DB, Kessler DJ, Foerster EH, Todd E, Hillis LD. Influence of cocaine, ethanol, or their combination on epicardial coronary arterial dimensions in humans. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Jun 12;155(11):1186–1191. [PubMed]
  • Besse S, Assayag P, Latour C, Janmot C, Robert V, Delcayre C, Nahas G, Swynghedauw B. Molecular characteristics of cocaine-induced cardiomyopathy in rats. Eur J Pharmacol. 1997 Nov 5;338(2):123–129. [PubMed]
  • Beckman KJ, Parker RB, Hariman RJ, Gallastegui JL, Javaid JI, Bauman JL. Hemodynamic and electrophysiological actions of cocaine. Effects of sodium bicarbonate as an antidote in dogs. Circulation. 1991 May;83(5):1799–1807. [PubMed]
  • Karch SB. Cardiac arrest in cocaine users. Am J Emerg Med. 1996 Jan;14(1):79–81. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press