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J R Soc Med. 1996 August; 89(8): 467–473.
PMCID: PMC1295891

The identity and work of the ancient Egyptian surgeon.


That a well-developed and hierarchical medical profession existed in Pharaonic Egypt is without doubt. What is a matter of contention is the existence of a recognizable surgical profession, or even of the practice of surgery by medically qualified personnel. Palaeorchaeological specimens that demonstrate some form of surgical procedure are rare. Medical papyri and the treatises of the historians of antiquity provide a far more reliable source of information on surgical practice. They have indicated possible titles for surgeons, and the types of instruments used.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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  • Pahor AL. Ear, nose and throat in ancient Egypt. J Laryngol Otol. 1992 Aug;106(8):677–687. [PubMed]
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