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J R Soc Med. 1996 August; 89(8): 462–464.
PMCID: PMC1295889

Racial variation in serum creatine kinase levels.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Rosalki SB. Serum enzymes in disease of skeletal muscle. Clin Lab Med. 1989 Dec;9(4):767–781. [PubMed]
  • Meltzer HY. Factors affecting serum creatine phosphokinase levels in the general population: the role of race, activity and age. Clin Chim Acta. 1971 Jun;33(1):165–172. [PubMed]
  • Meltzer HY, Holy PA. Black-white differences in serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activity. Clin Chim Acta. 1974 Jul 31;54(2):215–224. [PubMed]
  • Black HR, Quallich H, Gareleck CB. Racial differences in serum creatine kinase levels. Am J Med. 1986 Sep;81(3):479–487. [PubMed]
  • Wong ET, Cobb C, Umehara MK, Wolff GA, Haywood LJ, Greenberg T, Shaw ST., Jr Heterogeneity of serum creatine kinase activity among racial and gender groups of the population. Am J Clin Pathol. 1983 May;79(5):582–586. [PubMed]
  • Olerud JE, Homer LD, Carroll HW. Incidence of acute exertional rhabdomyolysis. Serum myoglobin and enzyme levels as indicators of muscle injury. Arch Intern Med. 1976 Jun;136(6):692–697. [PubMed]
  • Perry HM, Littlepage BN. Misusing anabolic drugs. BMJ. 1992 Nov 21;305(6864):1241–1242. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Tsianos EB, Jalali MT, Gowenlock AH, Braganza JM. Ethnic 'hyperamylasaemia': clarification by isoamylase analysis. Clin Chim Acta. 1982 Sep 1;124(1):13–21. [PubMed]
  • Manolio TA, Burke GL, Savage PJ, Jacobs DR, Jr, Sidney S, Wagenknecht LE, Allman RM, Tracy RP. Sex- and race-related differences in liver-associated serum chemistry tests in young adults in the CARDIA study. Clin Chem. 1992 Sep;38(9):1853–1859. [PubMed]

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