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J R Soc Med. 1996 June; 89(6): 345P–347P.
PMCID: PMC1295828

Cochlear implants in children: principles, practice and predictions.

Abstract

An audit was undertaken of the first 36 children who had received cochlear implants in Nottingham. These children had previously derived no benefit from prolonged trials of powerful hearing aids. Following implantation, all children could hear warble tones at all audiometric frequencies from 500 to 4000 Hz at sound pressure levels between 30 and 50 dB. The majority of children implanted below the age of 5 years developed intelligible spoken language after 3 years. The outcomes for children born deaf and those who acquired deafness under the age of 3 years were substantially similar. The best results were obtained in those children who were implanted before the age of 5 years or in whom the deafness was of short duration. The needs of implanted children continue over many years. A small number of dedicated, well-funded multidisciplinary teams are needed to meet the growing demand nationally.

Full text

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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  • Born DE, Rubel EW. Afferent influences on brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: neuron number and size following cochlea removal. J Comp Neurol. 1985 Jan 22;231(4):435–445. [PubMed]
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  • Snyder RL, Rebscher SJ, Cao KL, Leake PA, Kelly K. Chronic intracochlear electrical stimulation in the neonatally deafened cat. I: Expansion of central representation. Hear Res. 1990 Dec;50(1-2):7–33. [PubMed]
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Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press