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J R Soc Med. 1991 October; 84(10): 608–610.
PMCID: PMC1295559

Role of drugs and alcohol in patients with head injury.


In an effort to define the role that substance abuse has to play in head injuries, a prospective study of 204 patients presenting to the Accident and Emergency (A&E) Department over a 10-week period was carried out. Urine samples were collected and assayed for the presence of common drugs of abuse and alcohol. One or other substance (drugs or alcohol) was detected in 43% of patients. The association between alcohol and head injuries has been confirmed and the importance of drugs in this area has been addressed and found to be of some significance. More rapid and accurate methods of assaying these substances may improve our management of head injury patients.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Galbraith S, Murray WR, Patel AR, Knill-Jones R. The relationship between alcohol and head injury and its effect on the conscious level. Br J Surg. 1976 Feb;63(2):128–130. [PubMed]
  • Schwartz RH. Alcohol, drugs, and head injury. Pediatrics. 1986 Dec;78(6):1169–1169. [PubMed]
  • Demone Harold W, Kasey Elizabeth H. Alcohol and non-motor-vehicle injuries: Literature review. Public Health Rep. 1966 Jul;81(7):585–590. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Edna TH. Alcohol influence and head injury. Acta Chir Scand. 1982;148(3):209–212. [PubMed]

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