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J R Soc Med. 1995 July; 88(7): 414P–415P.
PMCID: PMC1295275

Thoracoscopic repair of a transmural rupture of the oesophagus (Boerhaave's syndrome).


Transmural spontaneous oesophageal rupture was first described in 1724 by Boerhaave and in 1946 Barrett was the first to describe successful surgical treatment for this condition. The advent of minimal access surgery has seen a minimally invasive approach to many well recognized surgical conditions and we report a thoracoscopic repair of a spontaneously ruptured oesophagus.

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Selected References

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  • Walker WS, Cameron EW, Walbaum PR. Diagnosis and management of spontaneous transmural rupture of the oesophagus (Boerhaave's syndrome). Br J Surg. 1985 Mar;72(3):204–207. [PubMed]
  • White RK, Morris DM. Diagnosis and management of esophageal perforations. Am Surg. 1992 Feb;58(2):112–119. [PubMed]
  • Smyth AR, Wastell C. Spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus (Boerhaave's syndrome): delayed diagnosis and successful conservative management. J R Soc Med. 1989 Aug;82(8):498–498. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kallis P, Belsham PA, Pepper JR. Spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus (Boerhaave's syndrome): conservative versus surgical management. J R Soc Med. 1991 Nov;84(11):690–691. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hutter JA, Fenn A, Braimbridge MV. The management of spontaneous oesophageal perforation by thoracoscopy and irrigation. Br J Surg. 1985 Mar;72(3):208–209. [PubMed]

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