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J R Soc Med. 1995 May; 88(5): 248–250.
PMCID: PMC1295192

The diagnosis of Lyme disease.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Steere AC, Malawista SE, Snydman DR, Shope RE, Andiman WA, Ross MR, Steele FM. Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. Arthritis Rheum. 1977 Jan-Feb;20(1):7–17. [PubMed]
  • Baranton G, Postic D, Saint Girons I, Boerlin P, Piffaretti JC, Assous M, Grimont PA. Delineation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii sp. nov., and group VS461 associated with Lyme borreliosis. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1992 Jul;42(3):378–383. [PubMed]
  • Assous MV, Postic D, Paul G, Névot P, Baranton G. Western blot analysis of sera from Lyme borreliosis patients according to the genomic species of the Borrelia strains used as antigens. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Apr;12(4):261–268. [PubMed]
  • Scrimenti RJ. Erythema chronicum migrans. Arch Dermatol. 1970 Jul;102(1):104–105. [PubMed]
  • Pennell DR, Wand PJ, Schell RF. Evaluation of a quantitative fluorescence immunoassay (FIAX) for detection of serum antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi. J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Nov;25(11):2218–2220. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schmitz JL, Powell CS, Folds JD. Comparison of seven commercial kits for detection of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Jun;12(6):419–424. [PubMed]
  • Grodzicki RL, Steere AC. Comparison of immunoblotting and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using different antigen preparations for diagnosing early Lyme disease. J Infect Dis. 1988 Apr;157(4):790–797. [PubMed]
  • Craft JE, Fischer DK, Shimamoto GT, Steere AC. Antigens of Borrelia burgdorferi recognized during Lyme disease. Appearance of a new immunoglobulin M response and expansion of the immunoglobulin G response late in the illness. J Clin Invest. 1986 Oct;78(4):934–939. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Robinson JM, Pilot-Matias TJ, Pratt SD, Patel CB, Bevirt TS, Hunt JC. Analysis of the humoral response to the flagellin protein of Borrelia burgdorferi: cloning of regions capable of differentiating Lyme disease from syphilis. J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Mar;31(3):629–635. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Berardi VP, Weeks KE, Steere AC. Serodiagnosis of early Lyme disease: analysis of IgM and IgG antibody responses by using an antibody-capture enzyme immunoassay. J Infect Dis. 1988 Oct;158(4):754–760. [PubMed]
  • Fawcett PT, O'Brien AE, Doughty RA. An adsorption procedure to increase the specificity of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for Lyme disease without decreasing sensitivity. Arthritis Rheum. 1989 Aug;32(8):1041–1044. [PubMed]
  • Hunter EF, Russell H, Farshy CE, Sampson JS, Larsen SA. Evaluation of sera from patients with Lyme disease in the fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption test for syphilis. Sex Transm Dis. 1986 Oct-Dec;13(4):232–236. [PubMed]
  • Dressler F, Yoshinari NH, Steere AC. The T-cell proliferative assay in the diagnosis of Lyme disease. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Oct 1;115(7):533–539. [PubMed]
  • Steere AC, Berardi VP, Weeks KE, Logigian EL, Ackermann R. Evaluation of the intrathecal antibody response to Borrelia burgdorferi as a diagnostic test for Lyme neuroborreliosis. J Infect Dis. 1990 Jun;161(6):1203–1209. [PubMed]
  • Dressler F, Whalen JA, Reinhardt BN, Steere AC. Western blotting in the serodiagnosis of Lyme disease. J Infect Dis. 1993 Feb;167(2):392–400. [PubMed]
  • Lebech AM, Hansen K. Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi DNA in urine samples and cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with early and late Lyme neuroborreliosis by polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Jul;30(7):1646–1653. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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