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J R Soc Med. 1995 March; 88(3): 149–150.
PMCID: PMC1295134

Spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus: case report of a delayed diagnosis and subsequent management.

Abstract

Spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus is a rare but potentially fatal condition. Initially described by Boerhaave in 1724, this condition remained a pathological curiosity until a subsequent case was reported by Barrett in 1946. The diagnosis is often difficult and, thus, the appropriate management is delayed. An oesophageal disruption may occur within the mediastinum or between the mediastinum and the visceral lung pleura, resulting in an oesophago-pleural fistula. We report a case of a spontaneously occurring oesophageal disruption which was successfully managed with minimum surgical intervention.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Wilson RF, Sarver EJ, Arbulu A, Sukhnandan R. Spontaneous perforation of the esophagus. Ann Thorac Surg. 1971 Sep;12(3):291–296. [PubMed]
  • Bradley SL, Pairolero PC, Payne WS, Gracey DR. Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus. Arch Surg. 1981 Jun;116(6):755–758. [PubMed]
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  • DERRICK JR, HARRISON WH, HOWARD JM. Factors predisposing to spontaneous perforation of the esophagus; the mechanical strength of the ulcerated esophagus. Surgery. 1958 Mar;43(3):486–489. [PubMed]
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