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J R Soc Med. 1995 February; 88(2): 61–62.
PMCID: PMC1295095

Cutaneous warts and tumours in immunosuppressed patients.


As increasing numbers of recipients of renal allografts survive long term, complications of prolonged immunosuppression have become apparent. Of particular concern are the high rates of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and carcinoma of the cervix, vulva and perineum.

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Selected References

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  • Glover MT, Niranjan N, Kwan JT, Leigh IM. Non-melanoma skin cancer in renal transplant recipients: the extent of the problem and a strategy for management. Br J Plast Surg. 1994 Mar;47(2):86–89. [PubMed]
  • Kripke ML. Immunologic mechanisms in UV radiation carcinogenesis. Adv Cancer Res. 1981;34:69–106. [PubMed]
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  • Dyall-Smith D, Trowell H, Mark A, Dyall-Smith M. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas and papillomaviruses in renal transplant recipients: a clinical and molecular biological study. J Dermatol Sci. 1991 May;2(3):139–146. [PubMed]
  • Barr BB, Benton EC, McLaren K, Bunney MH, Smith IW, Blessing K, Hunter JA. Human papilloma virus infection and skin cancer in renal allograft recipients. Lancet. 1989 Jan 21;1(8630):124–129. [PubMed]
  • Norval M, el-Ghorr A, Garssen J, Van Loveren H. The effects of ultraviolet light irradiation on viral infections. Br J Dermatol. 1994 Jun;130(6):693–700. [PubMed]
  • Chardonnet Y, Viac J, Thivolet J. Langerhans cells in human warts. Br J Dermatol. 1986 Dec;115(6):669–675. [PubMed]

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