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J R Soc Med. 1994 October; 87(10): 575–576.
PMCID: PMC1294841

Glaucoma: systemic side effects of topical medical therapy--a common and under recognized problem.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Gibson JM, Rosenthal AR, Lavery J. A study of the prevalence of eye disease in the elderly in an English community. Trans Ophthalmol Soc U K. 1985;104(Pt 2):196–203. [PubMed]
  • Allen RC, Hertzmark E, Walker AM, Epstein DL. A double-masked comparison of betaxolol vs timolol in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1986 May 15;101(5):535–541. [PubMed]
  • Alvan G, Calissendorff B, Seideman P, Widmark K, Widmark G. Absorption of ocular timolol. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1980 Jan-Feb;5(1):95–100. [PubMed]
  • Schoene RB, Martin TR, Charan NB, French CL. Timolol-induced bronchospasm in asthmatic bronchitis. JAMA. 1981 Apr 10;245(14):1460–1461. [PubMed]
  • Caird FI, Akhtar AJ. Chronic respiratory disease in the elderly. A population study. Thorax. 1972 Nov;27(6):764–768. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
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  • Diggory P, Heyworth P, Chau G, McKenzie S, Sharma A. Unsuspected bronchospasm in association with topical timolol--a common problem in elderly people: can we easily identify those affected and do cardioselective agents lead to improvement? Age Ageing. 1994 Jan;23(1):17–21. [PubMed]
  • McMahon CD, Shaffer RN, Hoskins HD, Jr, Hetherington J., Jr Adverse effects experienced by patients taking timolol. Am J Ophthalmol. 1979 Oct;88(4):736–738. [PubMed]
  • Reyes PF, Dwyer BA, Schwartzman RJ, Sacchetti T. Mental status changes induced by eye drops in dementia of the Alzheimer type. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1987 Jan;50(1):113–115. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kass MA, Mandell AI, Goldberg I, Paine JM, Becker B. Dipivefrin and epinephrine treatment of elevated intraocular pressure: a comparative study. Arch Ophthalmol. 1979 Oct;97(10):1865–1866. [PubMed]
  • Fraunfelder FT, Scafidi AF. Possible adverse effects from topical ocular 10% phenylephrine. Am J Ophthalmol. 1978 Apr;85(4):447–453. [PubMed]

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