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J R Soc Med. 1994 August; 87(8): 448–449.
PMCID: PMC1294683

Psychological distress before and immediately after attendance at a male sub-fertility clinic.


Where treatment options are limited, the role of clinical consultation in providing information and support becomes more important. This study examines the immediate impact of medical consultation on male sub-fertility clinic attender's anxiety, depression, self-blame, information appraisal and perceptions of future fertility. Data were collected pre- and immediately post-consultation. Clinical information and consultation details were recorded. Results showed that anxiety levels were high before consultation. Following consultation anxiety and self-blame were both reduced while depression increased. Despite information about poor prognosis being given during consultation, participants remained overly optimistic about their chances of achieving a pregnancy. It appears that the consultation has a distinct psychological impact and possible mechanisms underlying this are discussed.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Hargreave TB, McGowan B, Harvey J, McParland M, Elton RA. Is a male infertility clinic of any use? Br J Urol. 1986 Apr;58(2):188–193. [PubMed]
  • Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1983 Jun;67(6):361–370. [PubMed]
  • Moorey S, Greer S, Watson M, Gorman C, Rowden L, Tunmore R, Robertson B, Bliss J. The factor structure and factor stability of the hospital anxiety and depression scale in patients with cancer. Br J Psychiatry. 1991 Feb;158:255–259. [PubMed]

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